Share

Publications & Documents


  • 3-May-2022

    English

    Are industrial policy instruments effective? - A review of the evidence in OECD countries

    While the case for industrial policy is gaining traction across OECD countries, little consensus exists on the effectiveness of such interventions. Building on a new analytical framework for industrial policy developed in a companion paper, this paper reviews the empirical literature on the effectiveness of industrial policy instruments, laying out the knowns and unknowns. Overall, it strongly supports the premise that well-designed economic incentives for firms and good framework conditions shaping the business environment are effective. At the same time, it emphasises the limited and inconclusive nature of the evidence regarding the increasingly frequent targeted and demand-side instruments. Finally, it underlines the complementarities between economic incentives and other interventions such as skill policies or framework conditions, notably competition and trade policies. Framework conditions are indeed key in enabling the most productive firms to grow and an important channel for structural change.
  • 3-May-2022

    English

    An industrial policy framework for OECD countries - Old debates, new perspectives

    The debate on industrial policy has made a comeback in both academic and policy circles. Yet, no consensus exists on an industrial policy paradigm and the absence of a common reference framework unduly obfuscates the debate – even which interventions are to be considered 'industrial policy' is not clear-cut. Against this background, this paper proposes a coherent framework for analysing the formulation of industrial policy, relying on a purposefully broad definition of the latter. Leveraging the proposed framework and a companion paper which synthetises the available empirical evidence, this paper stresses the complementarities between policy instruments, thereby justifying the use of industrial strategies, acknowledges the role of targeted industrial strategies, which can direct technological change and growth, and of demand-side instruments, which can contribute to transformative industrial change, but calls for a stronger emphasis on evaluation and the regular re-assessment of targeted industrial strategies.
  • 22-April-2022

    English

    ANBERD (Analytical Business Enterprise Research and Development) database

    Data set on R&D expenditure by industry which addresses the problems of international comparability and breaks in the time series of the official business enterprise R&D data.

    Related Documents
  • 21-April-2022

    English

    Business innovation statistics and indicators

    The OECD Innovation Indicators database is a compendium of statistics about the innovation activities and outcomes of firms across OECD member countries and partner economies.

    Related Documents
  • 20-April-2022

    English

    OECD Space Forum project on the economics of space sustainability

    Ensuring the sustainability of space systems is a major policy issue that is likely to become critical as society’s reliance on the space infrastructure continues to grow. We are seeking researchers and students in disciplines such as economics, engineering and computing to join a project on the economics of space sustainability.

    Related Documents
  • 12-April-2022

    English

    Brain-computer interfaces and the governance system - Upstream approaches

    Brain-computer interface (BCI) systems are in a period of rapid development and offer significant potential for the promotion of health and well-being. At the same time, they raise a range of unique ethical, legal, and policy questions, and few BCI-specific rules exist in a fragmented regulatory landscape. This report aims to help develop a responsible and anticipatory governance approach to promote innovation while shaping the trajectory of technology through a set of mechanisms, including (i) soft law, (ii) standardisation and ethics-by-design approaches, (iii) corporate self-governance, and (iv) participatory experiments for upstream governance.
  • 6-April-2022

    English

    Main Science and Technology Indicators

    A timely set of indicators that reflect the level and structure of the efforts undertaken by OECD member countries and selected non-member economies in the field of science and technology.

    Related Documents
  • 1-April-2022

    English

    STI papers and policy notes

    The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation publishes policy papers, working papers and policy notes on a wide range of subjects.

    Related Documents
  • 1-April-2022

    English

    Intellectual property (IP) statistics and analysis

    The context in which intellectual property currently operates is very different from the one in which IP rights were conceived. IP systems are undergoing continuous changes as they seek to optimise the balance between private and social benefits to contribute to economic growth and the welfare of societies.

    Related Documents
  • 31-March-2022

    English

    91st Session of the Steel Committee, virtual meeting, 29-31 March 2022

    The Steel Committee held in-depth discussions on the global steel market situation and outlook, challenges facing the global steel industry including market-distorting government interventions and growing excess capacity, and policy approaches to ensure a level playing field in the sector.

  • << < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>