OECD news on science, technology and innovation View the email online
08 November 2017
Twitter Facebook Instagram Pinterest Flickr YouTube
 
Highlights
Conference on Artificial Intelligence - "AI: Intelligent Machines, Smart Policies"

Learning algorithms already greet us on our digital devices, influence our purchases, govern our news feeds, and will soon drive our cars. What sort of policy and institutional frameworks and values should guide AI design and use, as autonomous and self-taught machines become part of our everyday lives?

On 26-27 October policymakers, representatives of civil society and AI experts from industry and academia met at the OECD to discuss the opportunities and challenges posed by AI and the role of policy and international co-operation in making the most of this technology. 

Presentations as well as the opening keynote by former world chess champion Garry Kasparov are available at oe.cd/ai

Blog posts

Videos
 
OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2017

With its potential to galvanise economies, digital transformation is now high on the global agenda. Released on 11 October, the Digital Economy Outlook 2017 provides new data and insights on the digital transformation. It offers an overview of policy and regulation as well as trends in access and connectivity, ICT usage and skills, innovation, applications and transformation, and digital risk and trust. It also explores the opportunities and challenges raised by artificial intelligence and blockchain.
 
Global safety awareness campaign on furniture tip-overs

Every year, numerous children suffer head trauma, internal injuries or suffocate due to furniture tip-overs. These accidents often require urgent medical attention such as resuscitation and can even result in death.

From 6-10 November 2017, the OECD Committee for Consumer Policy is leading a global awareness campaign to alert parents and other stakeholders about the dangers posed to children (particularly those aged 1-3 years) by television, furniture and appliance tip-overs. The campaign aims to highlight the need to #AnchorIt… that is, to secure furniture to a wall or other structure if it is prone to tip. It also calls on suppliers of furniture and televisions to ensure that the products they supply are safe and fit for purpose.
Recent releases
 
Investing in innovation and skills: Thriving in global value chains

This paper synthesises the main policy implications of OECD work focusing on the interplay between participation and positioning in global value chains (GVCs), employment demand and supply, and workforce skills endowment.
Trust in peer platform markets:
Consumer survey findings


Following up on a 2016 report exploring issues related to protecting consumers in peer platform markets, the OECD Committee on Consumer Policy conducted an online survey of 10 000 consumers across 10 OECD member countries in order to better understand the role and drivers of consumer trust in PPMs. This report discusses the findings.
Frascati Manual R&D and the System of National Accounts

This paper looks at the Frascati Manual 2015 (FM) framework for Research and Development (R&D) statistics and the System of National Accounts (SNA) framework of comprehensive economic accounts - giving an overview of their shared history, analysing their approaches to measuring R&D following the introduction of R&D assets in the 2008 SNA, and highlighting changes in the latest FM which can help value and allocate these assets.
Economic shocks and changes in global production structures: Methods for measuring economic resilience

When economic shocks occur, whether at home or abroad, economic agents are expected to react to reduce the negative impact or amplify the positive effects. The ability of a country to contain economic losses can be defined as the resilience to economic shocks. Using the OECD Inter-Country Input-Output tables, this paper investigates the relationship between changes in final demand and production structures for 61 economies.
Using Crunchbase for economic and managerial research

This paper describes a new database on innovative start-ups and companies, called Crunchbase, with a focus on its potential for economic and managerial research. It suggests that many valuable avenues for economic and managerial research can be opened through the combination of Crunchbase with selected supplementary data sources.
Matching Crunchbase with patent data
 
This paper describes a procedure to match companies and individuals listed in Crunchbase, a new database on innovative start-ups and companies, with patent applicants and inventors reported in PATSTAT, the worldwide intellectual property database maintained by the European Patent Office.
Coming soon
OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017:
The Digital Transformation


With some 200 indicators, the 2017 edition of the STI Scoreboard shows how the digital transformation affects science, innovation, the economy, and the way people work and live. It aims to help governments design more effective science, innovation and industry policies in the fast-changing digital era. The 2017 STI Scoreboard indicators focus on:
  • Knowledge economies and the digital transformation
  • Knowledge, talent and skills
  • Research excellence and collaboration
  • Innovation in firms
  • Leadership and competitiveness
  • Society and digital transformations
Information about the release will be available soon at:
www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard.htm
 
In case you missed it
Mexico telecom reform:
Into the "last mile"


Since Mexico embarked on reform of its telecommunication and broadcast market in 2013, the results can be roundly summarised in a single phrase: price down, revenue up. With the exception of the price index for pay TV, which has gone up 5%, the cost of roaming, and domestic and international phone calls has dropped steeply, with Mexicans now enjoying some of the lowest-cost mobile services in the OECD area.
 
World Top R&D Investors: Industrial Property Strategies in the Digital Economy

By exploiting information on patents, trademarks and designs, this report sheds light on the top R&D investors worldwide in the digital economy, their innovative and creative activities, and their branding strategies. It is accompanied by a publicly available database which can be used for further analysis in support of evidence-based policy making.
European Symposium on OECD Review of Austria’s Innovation Policy


This event held in Vienna on 17 October was exclusively dedicated to the OECD Review of Austria’s Innovation Policy during the fact-finding mission for the review scheduled for publication in 2018. The event was attended by nearly 300 stakeholders from practically all parts of the Austrian innovation system and invited international guests from abroad.
Videos
Going Digital: OECD's Andrew Wyckoff on the digital transformation (1:30)

The effects of the digital transformation are being felt across the world, challenging existing institutions. Governments need to be proactive and equip citizens with the necessary skills. OECD Director for Science, Technology and Innovation Andrew Wyckoff explains.
Innovation is happening faster because of the digital transformation (20:21)

Dirk Pilat (@PilatSTI), Deputy Director at the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, speaks with Red.es about the OECD’s Going Digital project and how digitalisation is impacting every aspect of society.
 
 
OECD © 2017, All rights reserved.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
2 rue André-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France

You can change your preferences on your MyOECD profile or unsubscribe from this newsletter at any time.