Science, technology and innovation policy

Workshop on Measuring the Behavioural Additionality Effects of Government Financing of Business R&D: Methodological Approaches and Preliminary Findings, Manchester (United Kingdom), May 2004


Manchester, 10-11 May 2004

OECD countries are increasingly interested in the evaluation of innovation policies and in boosting business R&D spending such as to meet the EU’s R&D spending target. Hence, questions about the effectiveness of government financing in producing enduring changes in business R&D strategy are a key issue for policy makers. Work on behavioural additionality should be seen as influencing not only policy evaluation, but also policy design and development. If links can be found between behavioural effects and programme design, policy makers can improve the design of future policy instruments to produce desired effects and avoid undesirable ones.

The workshop was co-organised by the OECD and the Institute for Policy Research in Engineering, Science and Technology (PREST) in Manchester, the UK on 10-11 May 2004 to discuss ongoing and future efforts to evaluate the behavioural additionality effects of government financing of business R&D. As well as researchers and government officials, participants included members of the business community, represented by the Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OECD (BIAC). The main objectives of the workshop were to:

  1. Present and discuss results to-date of work under way in several countries to evaluate the behavioural additionality effects of government financing of business R&D,
  2. Compare approaches to measuring behavioural additionality and to develop means for co-ordinating activities in different countries, and
  3. Discuss plans for future studies and develop proposals for future work to be conducted under the aegis of the OECD Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP).

It included presentations by researchers and government officials from Australia, Austria, Belgium, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the UK and the US.


Documents available

  1. Workshop agenda (pdf, 20Kb)
  2. Meeting summary (pdf, 112Kb)
  3. proceedings on the subject with national case studies was published in 2006.