Science, technology and innovation policy

Workshop on Empirical Research on Changing Business R&D Strategies, Paris (France)


Paris, 8 November 2002

Business strategies for research and development (R&D) have evolved significantly in recent years, with far-reaching implications for science and technology (S&T) policy. Firms appear to have moved towards a more open system of innovation, supplementing more strategically oriented internal R&D with greater use of technology acquired from external sources in the public and private sectors. These changes may imply compensatory changes in government policy as the rationale for certain forms of government support have weakened while that for others has strengthened. To enhance their effectiveness, government policies to stimulate business R&D and innovation must be directed to new challenges that firms face for financing and conducting R&D and the obstacles that limit knowledge creation, diffusion and exploitation in national innovation systems.

Enhancements to government policy need to be based on an improved understanding of business R&D strategies and the effectiveness of different policy instruments. Researchers in a number of OECD countries have begun to conduct empirical research into these areas. Because it is motivated by a range of national policy concerns, this research takes on a number of different forms and places differing degrees of emphasis on qualitative versus quantitative analyses, and examinations of changing business R&D patterns versus analyses of the effectiveness of policy mechanisms. In order to better co-ordinate this work and strengthen links to policy-making, the OECD's Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP) organized a small workshop to allow researchers to:

1) present and compare preliminary results of their country-level studies,

2) explore opportunities for greater harmonization of further empirical work on this topic, and

3) discuss options for synthesizing and disseminating the results of ongoing research.

It included presentations by researchers from Austria, Belgium, Finland, Korea, and the UK.


Documents available

1. Workshop agenda (pdf, 10Kb)

2. Rapporteur's summary (pdf, 69Kb)

3. Presentations



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