Science, technology and innovation policy

Sectoral Case Studies in Innovation: Energy


The specific objectives of the case study on energy, which is being conducted in collaboration with the International Energy Agency’s Committee on Energy Research and Technology, are:

i) to undertake crosscountry and cross-industry comparisons of innovation processes and R&D productivity in the energy sector, and

ii) to formulate policy recommendations that improve the efficiency of the national energy innovation systems and the productivity of R&D investments in the energy sector.

The study focusus on fuel cell technology, which is of interest to all the participating countries , but other fields also examined, including oil & gas extraction technologies and clean coal technology. Particular attention is paid to the impact of ICT, regulatory changes and environment concerns on R&D in the energy sector and on the overall efficiency of the national energy innovation systems.

The study highlights the challenges associated with innovation in large technological infrastructures (e.g. issues of technological lock-in and system inter-dependencies). It examines systemic imperfections that may hinder the improvement of R&D productivity and the innovative capacity of the energy sector with a particular emphasis on R&D funding, public-private partnerships in research and technological development, and IPR management.

The synthesis report of this project was published in February 2006.


National reports on innovation in energy:

  • Canada: Case study on fuel cells (pdf, 577Kb).
  • France : Case study on fuel cells (pdf, 1425Kb).
  • Germany: Case study on fuel cells (pdf, 1995Kb).
  • Italy : Case study on fuel cell technology (pdf, 112Kb).
  • Japan : Innovation in fuel cell technologies - Development and commercialization of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (pdf, 113Kb).
  • Korea : Innovation in fuel cell and photovoltaic industry in Korea (pdf, 200Kb).
  • Norway : Innovations in fuel cells and related hydrogen technology in Norway (pdf, 575Kb).
  • Norway : Upstream oil and gas in norway (pdf, 224Kb).
  • United Kingdom : Fuel cells activity in the UK, 2003 (pdf, 102Kb).
  • United Kingdom : The UK innovation system for new and renewable energy technologies (pdf, 1752Kb)
  • United States : The innovation of energy technologies and the US national innovation system, the case of the advanced turbine system (pdf, 141Kb).
  • United States: The Role of the U.S. National Innovation System in the Development of the PEM Stationary Fuel Cell (pdf, 530Kb).
  • United States : Energy innovation in the US, automobile fuel cell applications (pdf, 592Kb).

Other documents:


Related events:

For further information, please contact Jerry Sheehan (OECD/DSTI/STP)