Science, technology and innovation policy

Recommendation of the OECD Council concerning Access to Research Data from Public Funding


On 20 January 2021, the OECD Council adopted a revised Council Recommendation on Access to Research Data from Public Funding. The legal instrument, in force since 2006, has been updated to address new technologies and policy developments, and provides policy guidance in seven areas shown in the figure below. In addition, the revision expands the scope to cover not only research data, but also related metadata, as well as bespoke algorithms, workflows, models, and software (including code), which are essential for their interpretation. 



Case studies

The analytical report Enhanced Access to Publicly Funded Data for Science, Technology and Innovation summarises the analysis which underpins the text of the revised Recommendation.

It is based on a survey of policy practices in the domain of access to data, two expert workshops and policy case studies:


Argentina  Argentina: Luchilo, L., M. D’Onofrio and M. Tignino (2018), “Case study: The Argentine science and technology information portal”

Belgium  Belgium: Laureys, E. (2018), “Belgian case study on open access to data: DMP Belgium consortium”

Canada  Canada: Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat, Open Government Team (2018), “Case study: Canada’s open government portal”

Colombia  Colombia: Escobar, D., A. Hernández and M. Agudelo (2018), “SiB Colombia – case study: Enhanced access to public data for science, technology and innovation”

European-Union  EU: European Commission, “Case study of policy initiative for open access to research data: Horizon 2020 open research data (ORD) pilot and data management plan”

Finland  Finland: Haapamaki, J. (2018), “Review of the Finnish ATT initiative”

France  France: French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation (2018), “Case study: Ouverture des données publiques et de recherche”

Germany  Germany: Philipps, A. and S. Bodmann (2018), “Case Study Germany: The National Research Data Infrastructure / Nationale Forschungsdateninfrastruktur (NFDI)”

South-Korea  Korea: Shin, E. (2018), “Report on Enhanced Access to Public Data for STI”

Mexico  Mexico: CONACYT (2018), “Mexican open science policy – Case study: Open institutional repositories program”

Netherlands  Netherlands: Netherlands Ministry of Education, Culture and Science. (2018), “The Netherlands – National Plan Open Science (NPOS)”

Norway  Norway: Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research (2018), “Case study of Norway’s national strategy on access to and sharing of research data”

Slovenia  Slovenia: Tramte, P. (2018), “Case study on research data management and openness in Slovenia”

South-Africa  South Africa: Woolfrey, L. (2018), “The DataFirst Research Data Repository”

Spain  Spain: FECYT (2019), “Spanish law of science, technology and innovation”

Sweden  Sweden: Eriksson, M. and M. Nilsson (2018), “OECD case study report RUT”

United-Kingdom  United Kingdom: Bruce, R. (2018), “UK case study: The concordat on open research data”

United-States  United States: US Government (2019), “Public access to federally funded research in the United States”