Science, technology and innovation policy

OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Russian Federation


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Pages: 256
Published: June 2011
ISBN 978-92-64-07597-9

The challenge of diversifying Russia’s economic structure and reducing its reliance on natural resource sectors has loomed large on the policy agenda for well over a decade. Even during the boom years before 2008, there was widespread awareness that growth was being driven by transitory factors, and the global economic crisis has since exposed the vulnerability of this model. Russia needs to transition into self-sustaining, innovation-led growth. The government recognises this and has focused increasingly on modernisation and, in particular, on innovation, as the key to Russia’s successful development over the longer term.

This review takes Russia’s modernisation agenda as its starting point. It examines Russia’s innovation performance and its determinants, including available resources (particularly finance and human capital), the innovation capabilities of firms, and the institutions and incentives that shape and support innovation activities. In doing so, it identifies the strengths and weaknesses of Russia’s innovation system. It pays particular attention to government initiatives to build on these strengths and to offset and overcome the weaknesses.

This publication is part of the ongoing OECD Reviews of Innovaiton Policy series.

Table of contents


Overall Assessment and Recommendations

Chapter 1. Economic performance and framework conditions for innovation

  • Economic performance: An overview
  • International trade and foreign direct investment
  • Specialisation and structural features of the Russian economy
  • Framework conditions for innovation
  • The role of innovation in Russia’s future economic development
  • Innovation performance

Chapter 2. Innovation actors

  • Business sector
  • Public research institutes
  • Higher education institutes as research performers
  • Human resources, education and skills

Chapter 3. The role of government

  • Introduction
  • Institutional profile and system governance
  • Public funding of R&D: Trends and allocation patterns
  • Strategic tasks of innovation policy: A functional assessment

A two-page brief about the review is available for download (pdf) in English and Russian.

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