Industry and globalisation

Workshop on multinational production


Joint Working Party on Industrial Analysis (WPIA) and Working Party of the Trade Committee (WPTC) worshop on multinational production

OECD, Paris, 12 November 2018


The expansion of global value chains (GVCs) has challenged existing economic insights and policy implications related to globalisation. It has often been argued that the growing fragmentation of production within GVCs in the past decades has been driven by multinational enterprises (MNEs). Likewise, policy discussions increasingly focus on the so-called trade-investment nexus reflecting the close links between international trade and investment. However, the empirical evidence on MNEs is not widely available and largely incomplete, with data only available for a subset of OECD economies with important differences in coverage across countries. Further and more detailed insights are strongly needed on the role and activities of MNEs to understand multinational production.

The OECD has developed a new and comprehensive database on MNE activities across countries and industries starting from the OECD AMNE database which contains the official data on AMNE collected and published by national statistical offices. In order to estimate the missing information across countries and industries, additional national sources have been used and various statistical methodologies applied. This new database covers 43 countries and 43 industries and can be linked to the OECD Inter-country Inter-Industry Input-Output (ICIO) database, allowing detailed analysis of a broad range of important policy issues and introducing for the first time a value-added analysis of the output of MNEs.

The objective of the joint workshop was to take stock of the new evidence on MNE activities in GVCs from the OECD dataset, compare results with other datasets developed by the academic community and official statistical offices, discuss the challenges in expanding the available data on multinational production, and look at the policy implications and future research.


Session 1. New aggregate evidence on multinational production: what does it mean for policy?

Session 2. Multinational production: inside or outside the firm?


Session 3. Improving statistics on multinational production

Session 4. Innovation, industry and trade policy



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