This report reflects discussions at the OECD conference on artificial intelligence held in October 2017. There was broad agreement that the rapid development of AI calls for national and international policy frameworks that engage all stakeholders.
This study proposes a taxonomy of sectors according to the extent to which they have gone digital. The taxonomy accounts for some of the key facets of the digital transformation, and recognises that sectors differ in their development and adoption of the most advanced “digital” technologies, in the human capital needed to embed them in production and in the extent to which digital tools are used to deal with clients and suppliers.
This analysis examines dynamics of estimated firm mark-ups across 26 countries over 14 years. Price mark-ups are linked to measures of digital intensity of sectors in order to ascertain whether differences in exposure to digitalisation are related to differences in mark-ups across industries, and how this relationship has changed over time.
This study sheds light on the extent to which different types of employee skills are rewarded as industries go digital in an analysis of 31 countries.
The current OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data are an update of the original 1980 version that served as the first internationally agreed upon set of privacy principles.
This paper examines recent policy and technology approaches to bridging the digital divide in rural and remote areas in OECD countries. It also includes a summary of common challenges and good practices to bring improved communication services to individuals and communities in rural and remote regions.
The OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2017 looks at the potential and risks associated with the rapid development of AI and robots. Their use will bring new opportunities to raise incomes, create new types of jobs and businesses and improve economic and social well-being, but there will be costs and bumps along the way.
This paper contributes to our understanding of digital technology usage by assessing changing patterns in the use of hardware and software and identifying the extent to which various plant characteristics and policy environments correlate with ICT investment. The results suggest notable changes in the use of a number of digital technologies across countries between 2000 and 2012.
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This report provides an assessment of G20 economies’ performance with respect to digitalisation and examines some of the most pressing policy challenges in areas spanning from access to digital infrastructures to digital security to legal frameworks. It includes a set of 11 core policy recommendations that could underpin a comprehensive G20 digital agenda.