Digital economy

Internet policy and governance


The Internet is a fundamental infrastructure with a still largely untapped potential to address a wide array of economic and social challenges. Its open and decentralised design means that this potential is accessible to all. Bringing evidence-based analysis on the economic dimensions of the open Internet, including its impact on productivity, jobs and growth, the OECD’s long-standing work aims to help governments develop policies to make the digital transformation work for the benefit of all. The OECD has also been actively involved in the Internet Governance Forum every year since its inception in 2006.  


OECD at the Internet Governance Forum 2022

IGF 2022 takes place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 28 November to 2 December in a hybrid format. The OECD will be on the following panels:




OECD at the Internet Governance Forum 2021


Events organised or co-organised by the OECD

The OECD also participated in the following sessions:


OECD at the Internet Governance Forum 2020

Policy responses from COVID-19 and the digital economy

OECD Open Forum at IGF 2020
Wednesday 4 November

This open forum reported on the key messages from the OECD work on COVID-19 and the digital economy. It also presented some highlights from theOECD Digital Economy Outlook 2020. Together with representatives of government, business, civil society and international organisations, it fostered a reflection on opportunities and challenges for the digital economy during and beyond COVID-19.

The OECD also participated in IGF 2020 sessions on: 


Internet Policy Making Principles

The OECD Recommendation on Internet Policy Making Principles was adopted in 2014 amid concerns that the openness of the Internet was at risk. Aimed to preserve the fundamental open nature of the Internet while protecting privacy, security, children online, intellectual property and the free flow of information, the principles strengthen international co-operation and support a flexible, multi-stakeholder approach to Internet policy making, rather than an international regulatory approach. The principles are:

internet governance forum logo
  • Promote and protect the global free flow of information 
  • Promote the open, distributed and interconnected nature of the Internet 
  • Promote investment and competition in high speed networks and services 
  • Promote and enable the cross-border delivery of services 
  • Encourage multi-stakeholder co-operation in policy development processes 
  • Foster voluntarily developed codes of conduct 
  • Develop capacities to bring publicly available, reliable data into the policy making process
  • Ensure transparency, fair process, and accountability 
  • Strengthen consistency and effectiveness in privacy protection at a global level 
  • Maximise individual empowerment 
  • Promote creativity and innovation 
  • Limit Internet intermediary liability 
  • Encourage co-operation to promote Internet security 
  • Give appropriate priority to enforcement efforts




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