This working paper proposes a definition of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based on the technology classes of the International Patent Classification (IPC) in which patents are classified. This new taxonomy is called the “J tag”.
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Norway is a high-cost country and as a consequence, the access to competence and innovation is vital to the Norwegian shipbuilding industry’s competitiveness. Norway’s maritime industry thus has to focus on high value-added segments of the market and be knowledge-based. To this end, Norway’s competitive advantage is based on high investment in research and development.