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This report provides Members with an update on the Enhanced Engagement process. Enhanced Engagement is the result of a decision by the Council at Ministerial level in May 2007 “to invite the Secretary-General to strengthen OECD co-operation with Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa through Enhanced Engagement programmes with a view to possible membership.”
OECD and the South African government have created a centre to encourage co-operation among African debt managers and to support the development of sound practices in public debt and cash management.
The OECD and South Africa will open a centre to help African governments manage their debt and bond markets in Midrand, South Africa.
South Africa’s macroeconomic framework has served the economy well, but should be strengthened to make the economy more resilient to external shocks.
In 2007, South Africa signed up to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention and joined the Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transactions, a group made up of representatives from all 38 signatory countries which monitors the convention's implementation and enforcement.
The First Regional Experts’ Meeting of the Joint OECD/AfDB Initiative to Support Business Integrity and Anti-Bribery Efforts in Africa took place on 13 – 14 January 2011 in Lilongwe, Malawi, and officially launched the Joint Initiative.
This working paper reviews 10 in–depth case studies of urban projects proposed and operating within the realm of Joint Implementation (JI) and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. Environment Working Paper No. 29.
The OECD STI Outlook provides profiles of the science and innovation performance of each OECD country and certain non-members in relation to their national context and policy issues. The graphs enable countries to see some of their relative strengths and weaknesses compared to other countries.&l
Public finances are under pressure around the world. We asked finance ministers from a range of countries: “What actions is your government taking to bolster public finances, while upholding growth and services?”
Export restrictions on raw materials are applied to achieve a number of policy objectives. However, they can have a significant and negative impact on the efficient allocation of resources, international trade, and the competitiveness and development of industries in both exporting and importing countries.
By diverting exports to domestic markets, export restrictions raise prices for foreign consumers and importers. At the same time, by reducing domestic prices in the applying countries and increasing global uncertainty concerning future prices, export restrictions negatively affect investment, thus potentially reducing the overall supply of raw materials in the long term. In view of existing alternative policy tools that have a different impact on trade, the effectiveness of export restrictions to achieve stated policy objectives should be carefully reviewed.
This publication presents a selection of papers discussed at the OECD Workshop on Raw Materials, held in Paris in October 2009. This workshop was organised in response to the growing concern on the use of export restrictions on raw materials, particularly by emerging economies.