Social and welfare issues

OECD: a leader in international measurement and analysis in social policy


The OECD carries out work on social data and indicators to improve international comparisons and economic analyses of social policies. Key statistical areas of work covered by the Social Policy Division include: 


Social Expenditure Indicators (SOCX)



Social Recipients Indicators (SOCR)

Income Distribution and Poverty (IDD)



Social Indicators    

Family Indicators

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Gender Indicators

Benefits and wages Indicators

Country Highlights


 Pensions Indicators

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Affordable Housing Indicators




Gender wage gap

On average, across the OECD, the gender wage gap is about 14% with large differences across countries from about 3% in Belgium, Hungary and Luxembourg to more than 25% in Japan, Estonia and Korea.

The gender wage gap is defined as the difference between median earnings of men and women as a percentage of median earnings of men. Data refer to full-time employees.

The OECD Gender Data Portal includes selected indicators shedding light on gender inequalities in education, employment, entrepreneurship, health and development, showing how far we are from achieving gender equality and where actions is most needed. The data cover OECD member countries, as well as partner economies including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and South Africa.

[Click here to know more about our social & welfare data collection programmes]

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