Norway has long used technology to streamline processes within the public sector and bring the government closer to citizens and businesses. Now the country is going further, seeking to transform its public sector through the full assimilation of digital technologies. The goal is to make it more efficient, collaborative, user- and data-driven, and better able to respond to the changing needs and expectations of citizens and businesses. This review analyses the efforts under way and provides policy advice to support the Norwegian government in implementing digital government.
Following a remarkable transformation in the past century in research and innovation, in particular through the development of new technologies and processes in sectors such as oil and gas, shipbuilding and also fisheries and aquaculture, Norway is today increasingly facing a “triple transition imperative” in which it needs, first, to shift toward a more diversified and robust economy; second, to move to a more competitive, effective and efficient innovation system; and third, to support research and innovation activities that can confront an array of societal challenges (climate change, food security, aging, health and so on). The Long-Term Plan for Research and Higher Education 2015-2024 (LTP) launched by the Norwegian government has set the base to enhance the capacity of the research and higher education system to cope with these transition challenges. This report proposes recommendations to take advantage of the revision of this comprehensive strategic plan in 2018 to improve the horizontal coordination and add more concrete structural policy initiatives, without changing the plan’s general orientation nor giving up the sectorial and the consensus principles that form the basis of Norwegian policy making.
This volume reviews the strengths and weaknesses of Norway’s innovation system and recommends steps the government could take to foster innovation activity and increase the impact of innovation on the country’s future prosperity and social well-being.
Summarises proceedings of a conference looking at examples of human genetic research databases, how they are established, how they are managed and governed, how they might be commercialised, and what the policy considerations might be.
This publication examines the innovation system in pharmaceutical biotechnology in eight OECD countries. Based on rich evidence, it draws policy recommendations to foster innovation in biopharmaceuticals advocating an integrated policy approach.
This study shows how knowledge-intensive services activities (KISAs) contribute to the acquisition and growth capabilities of firms and public sector organisations.
With case studies on Austria, Belgium (Flanders), Finland, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden, this book illustrates mechanisms and practices for better governance co-ordination and integration across policy areas.
This book presents case studies on innovation policy governance in Australia, Austria, Belgium (Flanders), Finland, Greece, Ireland, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway and Sweden. It provides fresh insight into how governments are striving to make innovation policy more coherent.
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The purpose of the present chapter is to describe the flow of employees into and out of the higher educational system from and into the surrounding economy.