About the Observatory
The World Observatory on Subnational Government Finance and Investment (SNG-WOFI) is a multi-stakeholder initiative, which was jointly established by the OECD and United Cities and Local Government (UCLG) in November 2017.
It is dedicated to collecting comparable data and information on subnational government structure and finance from 130 countries, and aims to support decision-making by national and subnational governments as well as international organisations.
The SNG-WOFI provides policy and decision makers with a variety of resources dedicated to shedding more light on subnational government finance and investment. These include individual country profiles, a comparative synthesis report, and an SNG-WOFI website that includes an interactive database and visualisation tools (currently under development).
This initiative is led by a Steering Committee and supported by the UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF), the Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB), the Development Partners Network on Decentralisation and Local Governance (DeLoG), and the French Development Agency (Agence Française de Développement, AFD).
The Steering Committee is guiding the work of this initiatve and two Steering Committee meetings were organised in 2017 and 2018. A methodological guide was developed to help data collection by focal points around the world.
This SNG-WOFI initiative follows a 2016 pilot study conducted by the OECD and UCLG entitled Subnational Governments Around the World: Structure and Finance. This was the first large-scale comparative study undertaken on this topic, covering over 100 countries. It revealed that subnational governments are responsible for 25% of public expenditure worldwide, or 9% of GDP, and 40% of public investment. In OECD countries, 60% of public investment comes from subnational governments.
2019 International Conference
The first International Conference of the World Observatory on Subnational Government Finance and Investment: Towards a global understanding of multilevel governance and finance systems will be organised in Paris, France (OECD Headquater) on 17 June 2019.
At this event, the 2019 World Observatory Report will be presented together with the interactive web database of comparable data on subnational government organisation and finance in over 120 countries.
The Second Steering Committee Meeting
The Second Steering Committee was held on 17 December 2018 to review the initiative’s progress in its first year.
Participants had the opportunity to discuss:
UNCDF and AFD explained how they are supporting the World Observatory’s activities. Participants also welcomed the CEB and the DeLoG as active partners of the World Observatory.
The First Steering Committee Meeting
The first meeting of the Steering Committee, held in Paris on 17 November 2017 at the OECD Conference Centre officially launched the Observatory.
This meeting brought together almost 50 participants to reflect on and initiate a multi-level approach to collecting, analysing and disseminating information on subnational finance and investment. Participants included:
For more information about our work, please visit: http://www.oecd.org/regional/regional-policy/multi-level-governance.htm