A major challenge facing the Republic of Buryatia, subject of the Russian Federation, is how to balance the task of protecting Lake Baikal – a unique water object and ecological system included in the UNESCO list of World Natural Heritage Areas – with the need for dynamic and sustainable socio-economic development of the republic. This requires streamlining and improving water policy jointly with economic, administrative, information and other policy instruments. The recommendations in this report aim to help achieve this objective. They include the introduction of abstraction charges for irrigation water as a natural resource; enhancement of state support to the water sector; and improvement of economic instruments for managing risks of water-related hazards (such as compulsory insurance and differentiated land tax rates in flood prone areas). A few innovative instruments are also recommended for pilot testing such as establishing limits for discharges of certain hazardous substances in a pilot area (e.g. Selenga river basin) and progressive development of market for tradable quotas for discharges of the “capped” pollutants; and introducing a charge (tax) on toxic agricultural chemicals (pesticides, herbicides, etc.) and synthetic detergents so that to create incentives for the reduction of diffuse water pollution.
Bringing together the city of Krasnoyarsk and six adjacent smaller cities and rural districts, the Krasnoyarsk Agglomeration is increasingly emerging as the main economic hub of Eastern Siberia. Its relative weight in both population and economic activity continues to grow. This review examines the Agglomeration’s performance and potential, particularly with reference to such critical challenges as internal and external connectivity, human capital formation and innovation. These issues are analysed in the context of Krasnoyarsk’s unusual economic geography, which involves tremendous natural wealth, but also remote location, severe climatic conditions and relatively low density of settlement. Its experience is thus relevant to many remote, resource-rich regions across the globe.
This paper analyses convergence in per capita gross regional product of Russia’s regions during the period 1995-2010, when regional data are available.
The seminar was targeted at national, regional and local practitioners who dealt with anticipating and managing demographic changes in Russia and Eastern European countries and wanted to interchange experiences and approaches with other experts from OECD countries.
This report examines the relationship between SMEs' management of intellectual assets, innovation and competitiveness.
Twice before, Country Fact Sheets have been published by the OECD LEED Forum on Partnerships and Local Governance providing valuable up-to-date information about area-based partnerships. “forumpartnerships2009” – Country Fact Sheets provides an update on what has changed.
The objective of this conference was to share experiences on how, trough CRS strategies, public and private sector, Trade Unions and local community organisations can partner to support sustainable development at local level, with a particular focus on Russia.
This book analyses new economic development in the Baltic States and Northwest Russia and provides suggestions on how to speed up this progress.
This seminar was a unique opportunity to debate the results of local governance developments in North-West Russia in the light of experience from other countries, analyse the main obstacles met and identify ways to progress further.
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A seminar on Partnerships and Employment, organised by the LEED Programme and the Russian Ministry of Labour and Social Development in co-operation with Irish organisations (Area Development Managament, Galway City Partnership and OAK Partnership...