Towards Sustainable Land Use

Aligning Biodiversity, Climate and Food Policies

Published on February 18, 2020

Also available in: French

Land use is central to many of the environmental and socio-economic issues facing society today. This report examines on-going challenges for aligning land-use policy with climate, biodiversity and food objectives, and the opportunities to enhance the sustainability of land-use systems. It looks at six countries – Brazil, France, Indonesia, Ireland, Mexico and New Zealand – with relatively large agricultural and forestry sectors and associated greenhouse gas emissions, many of which also host globally important biodiversity. Drawing on these countries’ relevant national strategies and plans, institutional co-ordination and policy instruments, the report provides good practice insights on how to better align land use decision-making processes and to achieve stronger coherence between land use, climate, ecosystems and food objectives.


List of Acronyms and Abbreviations
Executive Summary
Towards sustainable land use: key issues, interactions and trade-offs in the land-use nexus
Data and trends relevant to sustainable land use
Coherence across national strategies and plans for sustainable land use
Institutional co-ordination and coherence for sustainable land use
Policy instruments relevant to sustainable land use
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Land use is central to many of the environmental and socio-economic issues facing society today. Understanding how to feed global populations, while tackling the twin challenges of biodiversity loss and climate change is, therefore, a key question for policy makers.

How can governments align national strategies to achieve sustainable land use? What institutional arrangements foster coherent policy making in the nexus of land use, climate, biodiversity and food? What policy instruments can be used to create sustainable land use systems?

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On 18 February, Will Symes and Katia Karousakis of the OECD Environment Directorate discussed how to align policy making for sustainable land use. The talk highlighted findings from the OECD report Towards Sustainable Land Use: Aligning Biodiversity, Climate and Food Policies, published on the same day.

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