English, PDF, 347kb
Hungary has among the largest inter-regional gaps in GDP per capita in the OECD. These territorial imbalances could become a drag on national performance and create pressure on public budgets.
English, PDF, 346kb
Between 1999 and 2014, the number of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Japan dropped by 21% as a result of the retirement of ageing business owners and weak entrepreneurial intentions in the Japanese population.
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To improve productivity and help address socio-economic challenges, such as ageing, Japan needs to strengthen its innovation performance.
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Facilitating female employment is particularly important given Japan’s shrinking and ageing population, which has already contributed to labour shortages.
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China has recently undertaken important steps to liberalise foreign direct investment (FDI), placing the country among the top FDI reformer countries according to the OECD FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index.
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Portugal has shown a strong commitment towards a more effective and efficient public sector. However, the country should deepen its efforts to digitally transform its public sector by ensuring that data is used to build public sector intelligence as well as identifying and developing the current and future skills for a digitally-agile civil service.
English, PDF, 366kb
Sweden has long championed efforts to promote policy coherence and it recognises the importance of identifying and analysing critical interactions among the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for greater impact globally and encourages the consideration of transboundary and intergenerational policy effects.
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Sweden’s government has reinvigorated the country’s long standing commitment to gender budgeting, taking into account the effects on gender equality when making decisions on the direction and distribution of resources and work is under way to strengthen gender-responsive budgeting efforts.
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The national unemployment rate in Sweden has fallen to less than 7%, but this aggregate number hides important regional disparities which are partly due to inadequate or mismatched skills. To reduce these imbalances, Sweden needs to enhance the engagement of employers at the local level, strengthen regional skills planning, and inject more flexibility in the management of employment and skills policies.
English, PDF, 345kb
22% of Mexican youth were not in employment, education or training (NEET) in 2015, the fifth highest rate in the OECD.