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Mexico’s employment rate is low compared with other OECD countries. Women, youth and older workers in particular face many challenges in the labour market.
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Investment remains weak, dampening growth, formal job creation and wages.International rankings signal that while Mexico has made significant efforts, there is room to improve regulations at regional and local levels.
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Mexico has one of the highest rates of obesity in the OECD, as nearly one in three adults are obese.
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Raising cognitive and workplace skills of adults in Mexico is a multidimensional challenge which requires improving education at early stages of life, increasing the demand for higher skills in the labour market, and upskilling the adult population.
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While Mexico needs to increase investment in infrastructure, the government should be mindful of environmental impacts and international commitments.
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Informality remains high by international standards, estimated to involve 60% of all workers, and about one quarter of Mexico’s GDP.
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Japan has been ageing rapidly due to improvements in life expectancy and low fertility rates. This challenges the financial sustainability, solvency and adequacy of the pension system.
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Digital transformation offers countries a range of social and economic opportunities. Japan recognises this potential, as indicated by its championing of digital issues at the G20 and G7, and the commitment of the Japanese government to harness data for Society 5.0.
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Trends towards increasing non-standard employment may pose challenges for the Czech pension system, as some of these workers are at risk of low pension entitlements and the financial sustainability of public pensions is undermined.
English, PDF, 322kb
Female labour participation has grown enormously in the Netherlands, but gender gaps in labour market outcomes persist. The gender pay gap for full-time workers is 14%, close to the OECD average, and the gender gap in working hours is large, as most women work part-time.