The purpose of this joint OECD/AFD initiative is to propose ways of thinking about new public policies that could better harness the skills of diasporas to foster development in the countries of origin.
Connecting with Emigrants,
A Global Profile of Diasporas 2015
This publication contains a synthesis chapter and six regional chapters which present the latest developments in the diasporas of the following regions/groups of countries: Asia and Oceania; Latin America and the Caribbean; OECD countries; Non-OECD European countries and Central Asia; Middle East and North Africa; and Sub-Saharan Africa.
It contains six regional notes and 140 country notes summarising the key characteristics of emigrant populations (gender, age, education) and their labour market outcomes; the numbers and main destinations of international students; recent migrant flows to OECD countries; the evolution of diasporas, and of the labour market outcomes of migrants between 2000/01 and 2010/11; and information on the desire to emigrate among different population groups.
Date of publication: 3 November 2015
This publication is the result of a joint effort by the OECD and the Research Department of the Agence Française de Développement.
Harnessing the skills of migrants and diasporas to foster development
Building on the joint OECD/AFD study on "Connecting with emigrants : a global profile of diasporas" the purpose of this publication is to propose ways of thinking about new public policies that could better harness the skills of diasporas to foster development in the countries of origin. These options revolve around a central objective, seeking to better identify needs and the supply of skills so that public policy actions in countries of origin and destination can be targeted more effectively, and three main axes, consisting in (i) improving access to information; (ii) supporting initiatives by diaspora members; and (iii) increasing the involvement of local authorities and employers.
Date of publication: 5 October 2012
This study was prepared by the OECD in co-operation with the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The conclusions of these studies were presented during the Conference. The presentations were followed by a debate on how to better mobilize and exploit diasporas' skills for development. High level representatives from African, Asian, Latin American and European countries as well as from migrant associations participated in the debates which were held around two round tables. The conference fits into the framework of the preparations for the upcoming Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD), and more particularly into the framework of round table 1.2 on "Supporting Migrants and Diaspora as Agents of Socioeconomic Change", which is co-chaired by France, Kenya and Morocco.