Member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) since 1961.
In 2012, Japan’s net ODA amounted to USD 10.49 billion, a 2.1% decrease in real terms from 2011, largely due to a fall in bilateral grants and reduced contributions to international organisations. This reduction was, however, kept at a low level thanks to a 7% increase in bilateral ODA.
While maintaining its position as the fifth largest DAC donor, Japan’s ODA/GNI ratio fell from 0.18% in 2011 to 0.17% in 2012, which is well below the DAC average of 0.29% and still a long way from the 0.7% UN target. The current fiscal and economic difficulties, together with reconstruction spending following the disasters in 2011, have made it increasingly difficult to secure a sustainable increase in the government’s ODA budget. Japan has committed, however, to keep the ODA level stable in dollar terms.
Key Statistics from the Development Co-operation Report 2013 (DCR)
After years of decline, Japan increased its aid budget in 2008, bringing its official development assistance (ODA) up to USD 9.6 billion or 0.19% of its gross national income (GNI). Preliminary figures indicate, however, a decline in 2009 and Japan is still a long way from meeting the international ODA target of 0.7% of GNI. Japan needs to build on the 2008 increase to make progress towards targets to which it has committed and to regain its former position as a leading donor.
Based on the apparent improvements in economic performance in the main countries receiving Aid for Trade from Japan, the evaluation of Japan's Aid for Trade programmes found that positive conclusions could be reached regarding the effectiveness of the programme implemention. The report did recommend stronger communication of the current significance of Japanese contributions through Aid for Trade to low-income countries in Asia.