Guidelines for multinational enterprises

OECD Declaration and Decisions on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises


First adopted in 1976, the Declaration is a policy commitment by adhering governments to provide an open and transparent environment for international investment and to encourage the positive contribution multinational enterprises can make to economic and social progress. All parts of the Declaration are subject to periodical reviews. The most recent review - completed in June 2023 - concerned the Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.

All 38 OECD countries, and 13 non-OECD countries have adhered to the Declaration:

  • Argentina (22 April 1997)

  • Brazil (14 November 1997)

  • Bulgaria (9 June 2022)

  • Croatia (17 October 2019)

  • Egypt (11 July 2007)

  • Jordan (28 November 2013)

  • Kazakhstan (20 June 2017)

  • Morocco (23 November 2009)

  • Peru (25 July 2008)

  • Romania (20 April 2005)

  • Tunisia (23 May 2012)

  • Ukraine (15 March 2017)
  • Uruguay (25 February 2021)


The Declaration consists of four elements (each underpinned by a Decision by the OECD Council on follow-up procedures):

  • The Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises are recommendations on responsible business conduct addressed by governments to multinational enterprises operating in or from adhering countries. Observance of the Guidelines is supported by a unique implementation mechanism: adhering governments - through their network of National Contact Points - are responsible for promoting the Guidelines and helping to resolve issues that arise under the specific instances procedures.
  • : A voluntary undertaking by adhering countries to accord to foreign-controlled enterprises on their territories treatment no less favourable than that accorded in like situations to domestic enterprises.
  • Conflicting requirements: Adhering countries shall co-operate so as to avoid or minimise the imposition of conflicting requirements on multinational enterprises.
  • International investment incentives and disincentives: adhering countries recognise the need to give due weight to the interest of adhering countries affected by laws and practices in this field; they will endeavour to make measures as transparent as possible.


>> Read the text of the Declaration online

>> Download the pdf of the full text of the Declaration and Decisions


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