Share

Investment

Foreign direct investment in figures

 

FDI in 2023


April 2024 update:

  • Global FDI flows dropped by 7% in 2023, to USD 1 364 billion, continuing on a declining trend and remaining below pre-pandemic levels for the second consecutive year.

Made with Flourish

  • Downswings were recorded in 2023 for more than two-thirds of OECD economies and other countries, in particular the People’s Republic of China (hereafter ‘China), who received record-low FDI flows in a general context of ongoing geopolitical tensions and high interest rates.
  • Overall, FDI flows in non-OECD G20 economies dropped by 46% in 2023.
  • Despite this general downward trend, the United States, Brazil and Canada were the top three FDI destinations worldwide in 2023.


Made with Flourish

  • OECD equity flows remained below any level recorded since 2005, partly reflecting a slowdown in new investment activity.
  • Cross-border Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) activity continued on a downward trend, hitting a ten-year record low in 2023, as the overall economic and geopolitical environment kept deteriorating. 
  • In general, greenfield investment activity stalled in 2023, yet trends diverged between advanced economies (AEs) and emerging and developing economies (EMDEs). Capital expenditures and the number of announced projects dropped by around 20% in advanced economies, while they were up by 21% and 9% in EMDEs, respectively.

 

 

Global FDI flows declined in 2023

30/04/2024 - In 2023, global FDI flows dropped by 7%, to USD 1 364 billion, maintaining their downward trajectory and remaining below pre-pandemic levels for the second year in a row.[1] In 2023, FDI inflows decreased in more than two-thirds of OECD economies; nevertheless, significant drops in other economies also played a role in the total downturn.

Download the full report

Download the data in Excel


[1] By definition, inward and outward FDI worldwide should be equal but, in practice, there are statistical discrepancies between inward and outward FDI. Unless otherwise specified, references to ‘global FDI flows’ refer to the average of these two figures.

 

 

SIGN UP

Follow these easy steps if you would like to receive business, finance and investment news from the OECD.

  • Select “Finance and Investment” under themes
  • Select “Finance and Investment News” under newsletters
  • Click on submit

Any questions can be addressed to [email protected].

 
FDI in Figures

Published twice yearly, FDI in Figures provides analysis on key developments and trends in global foreign direct investment flows using the most recent FDI statistics and data on mergers and acquisitions (M&A).

October 2022 + Excel data + Infographic

April 2022 + Excel data + Infographic  EN | FR

October 2021 + Excel data + Infographic

April 2021 + Excel data + Infographic EN | FR

October 2020 + Excel data 

April 2020 + Excel data

October 2019 + Excel data 

April 2019 + Excel data

October 2018 + Excel data

July 2018 + Excel data

April 2018 + Excel data

January 2018 update (excel)

October 2017 + Excel data

July 2017 update (excel)

April 2017 + Excel data

November 2016 + Excel data  |  April 2016 + Excel data

October 2015  |  April 2015

December 2014  |  April 2014  |  February 2014

October 2013  |  July 2013  |  April 2013

 

 

 
Investment Insights

Building a competitive and responsible investment environment in Indonesia to support a resilient COVID-19 recovery, 2020

Towards an international framework for investment facilitation, 2018

The government role in mobilising investment and innovation in renewable energy, 2017

Overcoming barriers to international investment in clean energy, 2015

International investment in Europe: A canary in the coal mine?, 2014

Improving Indonesia's investment climate, 2011

 

 

DOCUMENTS AND LINKS

FDI, corruption and the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Statistics on FDI by partner country are now available

FDI trends and their implication for development

Archives

Investment News

Prior to 2013, investment news was published in a regular newsletter

Issue 18  |  Issue 17  |  Issue 16  |  Issue 15 |  Issue 14  | Issue 13  |  Issue 12  | Global Forum Issue  |  Issue 8  | Issue 7  |  Issue 6  |  Issue 5  |  Issue 4  |  Issue 3  | Issue 2  |  Issue 1 

 

Trends and recent developments

Prior to 2007, reports on FDI trends were published annually in International Investment Perspectives 

2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002

 

Related Documents