Panellists 1.2 Stimulating Digital Innovation across the Economy


Ildefonso Guajardo Villarreal   Mr. Ildefonso Guajardo Villarreal was appointed as Secretary of the Economy by President Enrique Peña Nieto on December 1st of 2012. Mr. Guajardo obtained his B.A. in Economics at the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, and later pursued graduate studies in Economics at the Arizona State University and the University of Pennsylvania. Mr. Guajardo has held positions as Chief Economist of the Brazil Section, and Associate Economist in the Fiscal Affairs Department at the International Monetary Fund, before becoming Director of the North American Free Trade Agreement Office in Washington, DC. At the Federal Government, Mr. Guajardo has held different positions: he was Chief Clerk at the Foreign Affairs Ministry; and in 1997 he became Undersecretary of Tourism Development; Technical Secretary for Planning, Communication and Liaison for the Trade and Industrial Development Ministry. Mr. Guajardo was elected Federal Deputy in the LVIII Legislature, before being appointed in Nuevo Leon as Head of the Governor’s Executive Office. His latest positions were as Federal Congressman for the Second District of Nuevo Leon; Chairman of the Economics Commission; Member of the Treasury and Public Credit Commission; and President of the Mexico-U.S.A. Friendship Group at the LXI Legislature of the Mexican Chamber of Deputies; Coordinator of the Entrepreneurial Liaison in the Presidential Campaign of Mr. Enrique Peña Nieto; and Vice Coordinator of Political Economy in the Transition Team of President-elect Mr. Enrique Peña Nieto.
1.2/2.2 Minister CHOI  

Mr. Choi Yanghee, Minister of Science, ICT and Future Planning.  Minister Choi Yanghee served on the faculty of the Department of Computer Science and Engineering of Seoul National University since 1991. Recognizing the need to integrate diverse industries and technologies through nurturing the software industry and transform the network-oriented internet paradigm, he established and chaired the Future Internet Forum and led R&D in the internet sector. Minister Choi has been spearheading the effort to implement the Creative Economy, Korea's new economic paradigm, aiming to create many quality jobs and produce future growth engines by strengthening science, technology and ICT competiveness.

 ‌‌   The Honourable Navdeep Bains is the Member of Parliament for Mississauga–Malton and was appointed Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development on November 4, 2015. He has extensive parliamentary experience, having represented Mississauga–Malton from 2004 to 2011. He served as Privy Councillor and Parliamentary Secretary to Prime Minister Paul Martin and then as Critic for Public Works and Government Services, the Treasury Board, International Trade, Natural Resources, and Small Business and Tourism.  Minister Bains was an adjunct lecturer at the Master of Public Service program at the University of Waterloo and a distinguished visiting professor at the Ted Rogers School of Management at Ryerson University. His private sector experience includes several years at the Ford Motor Company of Canada.  Minister Bains has a Bachelor of Administrative Studies from York University and a Master of Business Administration from the University of Windsor.
Paul Chaffey   Mr. Paul Chaffey has since 16th October 2013 been State Secretary in the Norwegian Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation for the Conservative Party in prime minister Erna Solberg's Cabinet. Mr. Chaffey was from 2001 to 2013 CEO of Abelia, the Norwegian business association of knowledge- and technology enterprises. He has been a member of Parliament from Akershus county from 1989 to 1997, had managerial positions in Statoil and been a board member in several university and research institutions, including Oslo University, the TTO program Forny 2020 of the Norwegian Research Council and Stavanger Innovation Research Center.
  Matthias Machnig has served as State Secretary in the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy since 2014. Prior to this, his positions included Minister for Economic Affairs, Labour and Technology of the State of Thuringia, and State Secretary in the Federal Environment and Transport Ministries. He has also worked as a business consultant and as the federal manager of the SPD. Since the late 1980s, Mr. Machnig has been focusing on advances in technology, their significance for the modernisation of German industry, and their impact on the world of work. He regards innovations, both of a technological and a non-technological nature, as a prerequisite for fresh and sustainable growth and for new and better jobs – provided that a strong and functioning state fosters and channels the revolutionary power of these developments in the necessary manner. For this reason, Mr Machnig is particularly interested in digitisation.
  Dimitri Diliani is a telecommunications thought leader with more than 28 years of experience in various fields within the industry. On September 2014, he was appointed as the new Vice president for the Latin America Region at Nokia.  He began his career at Bell Labs in testing and software development, system engineering, and then moved to the business, sales and executive management roles at Lucent Technologies for 17 years.  In 2005, Dimitri joined Nokia Networks to lead the T-Mobile USA account, which he successfully doubled in business. Subsequently, he was responsible for the regional customer account in North America and the Caribbean. In 2011, Dimitri became the Head of the Africa Region for Nokia Networks. Upon his return to the USA, he assumed the end to end responsibility for the largest LTE deployment in Nokia Networks for T-Mobile.  Dimitri has a Bachelor Degree in Engineering and a Master in Electrical Engineering from the University of Mississippi.
John Evans  

John Evans is General Secretary of the Trade Union Advisory Committee - TUAC ( ) to the OECD a post he has held since 1985 and Chief Economist of the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) since 2012. Since its creation, he has been heading the Labour20 (L20) as part of the G20 process jointly with the ITUC (  After studying, Philosophy, Politics and Economics at the University of Oxford and teaching Introductory Economics, he worked as an economist in the Economic Department at the Trade Union Congress in London. Subsequent posts included positions with the International Federation of Commercial, Clerical and Technical Employees (now UNI Global Union) in Geneva and Research Officer with the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) in Brussels where he published extensively on Labour Markets and the Impact of Technological Change on Employment. Past not-for profit board positions include the Global Reporting Initiative and the Helsinki Group. He is currently a member of the Comité Médicis at the Amundi Group, the Conseil d'Orientation, IDDRI (the French Institute for Research on Sustainable Development) and the Council of Ruskin College, Oxford. He is a member of several World Economic Forum Global Agenda Councils on Employment and Inclusion.


Alf Karlsson graduated from law school in 1996. After a successful career in the Swedish judicial system, Mr. Karlsson held positions as administrative director at Mälardalen University and as head of unit at the Swedish Green Party Parliamentary Secretariat. From October 2014, he served at the Prime Minister's Office coordinating matters on housing and digitalization , and in June 2016 he was appointed State Secretary to the Minister for Housing and Digitalization. One of the Government's priorities is to make Sweden a world leader in digitalization and to use it as a tool for sustainable growth and development.

1.2 Hirosh   Mr. Hiroshi Eskai, Professor, Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo.  Hiroshi Esaki, Ph.D., received the B.E. and M.E. degrees from Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan and received his PhD from University of Tokyo, Japan.  In 1987, he joined R&D Center, Toshiba Corporation, where he engaged in the research of ATM systems. From 1990-1991, he was at Applied Research Laboratory of Bellcore Inc. (USA) as a residential researcher. From 1994 to 1996, he was at the Center for Telecommunication Research of Columbia University (USA).  During his stay at Columbia University, he proposed the CSR architecture that is the origin of Multi-Protocol Label Switching, to the IETF and to the ATM Forum. From 1996-1998, he conducted the CSR project in Toshiba, as a chief architect. He is an executive director of IPv6 promotion council, which is cross ministry and cross industry council to promote the IPv6 technology. He is a vice chair of the Japan Network Information Center, since 2006, and has served as an IPv6 Forum Fellow. From 2006-2010, he served as Board of Trustee for the Internet Society and again since 2014. He is a director of WIDE Project since 2010, director of Japan Data Center Council since 2009, and director of Green University of Tokyo Project since 2008.
Key Interveners  

Eugene Kandel (BA, MA Hebrew University in Jerusalem; MBA, Ph.D. The University of Chicago) is a Professor of Economics and Finance at the Hebrew University. Prof. Kandel’s expertise is in Financial Markets and Intermediaries; he published extensively in Finance and Economics, and served as Editor of the Journal of Financial Markets. In 2009-2015 Kandel served as Head of the National Economic Council and Economic Adviser to the Prime Minister of Israel, and was instrumental in the design of most important economic policies. Prof. Kandel serves as the CEO of Start-Up Nation Central, a non-profit dedicated to strengthening Israel’s innovation ecosystem, providing deep insights about it, and connecting it to governments, corporations and NGOs around the world to help them solve their most pressing challenges.

  Efosa Ojomo, a native of Nigeria, moved to the United States in August 2000 for college. After receiving a Bachelors in Engineering from Vanderbilt University in 2005, he worked as an Applications Engineer (1.5 years) and as a Sales Engineer (6.5 years) for National Instruments for the eight years that followed. During that time, Efosa and some friends founded Poverty Stops Here, a non-profit organization that provides Nigerian communities with access to wells, microloans for small businesses, and primary education for children. Efosa graduated from Harvard Business School (HBS) in 2015 and is currently a senior research fellow at the Forum for Growth and Innovation at HBS. He is working with Professors Clay Christensen and Derek Van Bever on applying the theories and principles of disruptive innovation in emerging markets in order to engender growth and prosperity.
1.2 Dr Kim   Dr. Eun-Ju Kim is currently Chief, Innovation & Partnership Department, BDT/International Telecommunication Union (ITU), with responsibilities for ITU-D membership, partnership, resource mobilization, innovation, Study Groups, and ICT Development Funds. Prior to moving to the ITU Headquarters, she was serving as Regional Director of ITU Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific based in Thailand; Director for Regulatory Affairs at the ICO Global Communications based in the UK; Lecturer for Telecommunication Policies and Regulations at the London City University in the UK; and Senior Adviser to Minister at the Ministry of Communications in the Republic of Korea. She has been educated from the Seoul National University in the Republic of Korea for the first Master’s Degree; the London City University in the UK for the second Master’s and Ph. Degrees; and the Harvard Kennedy School in the USA for Executive Education. She has been awarded by the Governments of the R. O. Korea and Mongolia as well as the ITU.

David Bergvinson is a Canadian national and has a PhD in plant biochemistry from Ottawa University. David has 20 years of experience in maize biochemistry, pathology and entomology. Prior to joining ICRISAT, he was with the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) as Senior Scientist where he coordinated the entomology research for both maize and wheat at CIMMYT’s headquarters and provided technical support to regional offices. Later at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation as Senior Program Officer, Science and Technology, Agricultural Development he led a team to integrate digital technology (cloud computing, mobile phones, remote sensing and genomics) to support rapid cycle innovation and product development in service of increasing productivity and profitability for smallholder farm families in Africa and South Asia. He was involved in the development and management of crop improvement grants that involved public (national and international) research organizations, private sector and civil society organizations to develop stress-tolerant, farmer-preferred varieties. 


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