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Belgium


  • 8-July-2021

    English

    The return on human (STEM) capital in Belgium

    Whilst overall productivity growth is stalling, firms at the frontier are still able to capture the benefits of the newest technologies and business practices. This paper uses linked employer-employee data covering all Belgian firms over a period of almost 20 years and investigates the differences in human capital between highly productive firms and less productive firms. We find a clear positive correlation between the share of high-skilled and STEM workers in a firm's workforce and its productivity. We obtain elasticities of 0.20 to 0.70 for a firm's productivity as a function of the share of high-skilled workers. For STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) workers, of all skill levels, we find elasticities of 0.20 to 0.45. More importantly, the elasticity of STEM workers is increasing over time, whereas the elasticity of high-skilled workers is decreasing. This is possibly linked with the increasing number of tertiary education graduates and at the same time increased difficulties in filling STEM-related vacancies. Specifically, for high-skilled STEM workers in the manufacturing sector, the productivity gain can be as much as 4 times higher than the gain from hiring additional high-skilled non-STEM workers. To ensure that government efforts to increase the adoption of the latest technologies and business practices within firms lead to sustainable productivity gains, such actions should be accompanied by measures to increase the supply and mobility of human (STEM) capital. Without a proper supply of skills, firms will not be able to reap the full benefits of the digital revolution.
  • 8-February-2013

    English

    OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation: Wallonia, Belgium 2012

    This publication looks at regional innovation in Wallonia, Belgium, by examining the political context, governance issues and the role of innovation in the economy, along with regional innovation strategies to promote growth.

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  • 12-September-2011

    English

    Fostering Innovation for Green Growth

    This book draws on work on green innovation across several parts of the OECD to show how it can drive sustainable growth and job creation. It explores policy actions for the deployment of new technologies and innovations as they emerge.

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  • 30-May-2011

    English

    Demand-side Innovation Policies

    This book examines dynamics between demand and innovation and provides insights into the rationale and scope for public policies. Drawing on country experience and case studies, it illustrates good practices for designing, implementing and evaluating demand-side innovation policies.

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  • 20-November-2008

    English

    OECD e-Government Studies: Belgium 2008

    This report shows that the development and provision of the next generation of user-focused services will require the maximisation of synergies between the federal, regional and community governments and local authorities in Belgium.

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  • 31-March-2006

    English

    Innovation in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology: Comparing National Innovation Systems at the Sectoral Level

    This publication examines the innovation system in pharmaceutical biotechnology in eight OECD countries. Based on rich evidence, it draws policy recommendations to foster innovation in biopharmaceuticals advocating an integrated policy approach.

  • 2-December-2005

    English

    Governance of Innovation Systems, Vol. 3: Case Studies in Cross-Sectoral Policy

    With case studies on Austria, Belgium (Flanders), Finland, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden, this book illustrates mechanisms and practices for better governance co-ordination and integration across policy areas.

  • 15-December-1998

    English

    Assessment of the Belgian S&T Statistical System and Priorities for Development Work: An OECD Perspective (STI Working Paper 1998/5)

    The objective of this report is to make recommendations as to what most important S&T statistical information is required to enable the OECD to include Belgian indicators in its official S&T reports and publications.

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