Since its first edition in 2010, the OECD Development Centre's Perspectives on Global
Development report has tracked development trends and policy priorities in developing
countries. This new report examines the phenomenon of discontent. Between the global
financial crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic, discontent surged around the world. It
was especially evident in middle-income countries and was often most acute amongst
the middle classes that have emerged in developing countries over recent decades.
The report explores the economic, political and sociological drivers of discontent
and argues that building back better from the COVID-19 pandemic in developing countries
will require approaches that simultaneously improve citizens' well-being, promote
productive transformation and strengthen social cohesion. The report concludes by
examining the international dimension of discontent and demonstrates how weaknesses
and imbalances in the present multilateral system are eroding humankind's capacity
for collective action in the face of global threats, notably the climate crisis. The
rise in discontent has exposed failings in prevailing economic, social and political
models at all levels: addressing discontent means fixing these systems, and doing
so in an inclusive and sustainable manner.