Africa’s Development Dynamics uses lessons from Central, East, North, Southern and
West Africa to develop policy recommendations and share good practices. Drawing on
the most recent statistics, the analysis of development dynamics aims to assist African
leaders in reaching the targets of the African Union’s Agenda 2063 at all levels:
continental, regional, national and local.
The 2022 edition explores how developing regional value chains can help African countries
rebound from the socio-economic shocks of the COVID-19 pandemic and accelerate productive
transformation. It targets policy areas where private and public actors can support
regional value chains when operationalising the African Continental Free Trade Area
(AfCFTA). African firms can harness digital innovations to reduce production costs,
and governments can design policies for skills development, public procurement and
foreign investment to strengthen industrial linkages. Two continental chapters examine
related African initiatives and global trends. Five chapters tailor policy recommendations
to specific value chains in each region.
Africa’s Development Dynamics feeds into a policy debate between governments, citizens,
entrepreneurs and researchers. It proposes a new collaboration between countries and
regions, focusing on mutual learning and the preservation of common goods. This report
results from a partnership between the African Union Commission and the OECD Development
All indicators that were chosen for the annex provide national figures for all or nearly all African countries, as well as most countries in the rest of the world. These data are presented both for individual countries, and for certain groupings of countries such as by continent, by region, by income level, by level of development, or by level of natural resource production.
Data was obtained from various sources, including harmonised data sets of annual national data from reputable international institutions, as well as some indicators that were calculated by researchers working on the publication. The statistical annex will be updated regularly in order to incorporate the addition of more recent figures, as well as updates and corrections in external data sources. Therefore some differences between figures in the Statistical Annex and figures reported in the publication may reflect changes to the data tables made after the publication of the written report.
For more information on methodology and sources, you may download the following metadata files: