Many of the recent concerns about food security relate to perceived threats to current levels of food security, such as those due to price shocks or natural disasters. These threats concern the risk of food insecurity. This publication develops a risk-management tool to examine the robustness of policy responses to managing risks and uncertainty across a variety of different threats to food security, and applies the framework to an Indonesia case study.
Five risk scenarios were selected as major threats to food security in Indonesia, following a consultation process among stakeholders and policy makers, and assessed in terms of existing and alternative agricultural and social policies. The risk assessment shows that domestic economic and natural disaster scenarios are more important than global price hikes and that a policy strategy that concentrates on addressing a single source of risk, such as a price spike in international markets, may increase vulnerability to other sources of risk such as domestic crop failure. The analysis yields a number of specific policy recommendations, including targeting of social assistance programme using food vouchers or cash transfers.
In Indonesia, the pressure on the environment that natural resource exploitation is creating should be addressed by increasing the share of gas and renewables in the energy mix, properly defining property rights and regulations regarding forest land, and implementing a positive implicit carbon price. More resources should be devoted to combating widespread illegal mining and deforestation.
For many years one of the predominant conventional wisdoms in both business and policymaking circles was that cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions necessitates a sacrifice in economic growth.
This book brings together a collection of papers prepared for the Global Forum on Agriculture that took place at the OECD in December 2014. It reviews current knowledge about agricultural policy and agricultural trade policy settings, and questions its pertinence in light of the profound market and structural changes that have been taking place in the global agro-food sector in recent decades. It aims to inform and assist policy-makers and negotiators as they seek to overcome the problems that have made the agricultural pillar of the Doha Agenda trade negotiations particularly difficult. The data and analysis presented cover OECD countries and major G20 and emerging economies that account for the great bulk of global food production, consumption and trade.
A new OECD publication highlights notable economic and environmental benefits of phasing out fossil-fuel subsidies in Indonesia. Interestingly, the study is based on the context that pertained until mid-2014, when international oil prices where high and before the recent phase-out of subsidies by the government.
Taxes on wages have risen by about 1 percentage point for the average worker in OECD countries between 2010 and 2014 even though the majority of governments did not increase statutory income tax rates, according to a new OECD report.
English, PDF, 362kb
Weaknesses in good regulatory practice remain a key challenge for improving government effectiveness, achieving greater coherence between different laws and regulations (both domestically and vis-à-vis other countries) and, ultimately, making it easier to do business in Indonesia.
English, PDF, 360kb
Poor corporate governance was identified as a major factor in Indonesia’s economic crisis in 1997. Since then a wide range of laws and regulations have been introduced and standards developed. Sound corporate governance will reassure stakeholders that their rights are protected, thus building confidence and trust in doing business in Indonesia.
English, PDF, 357kb
Infrastructure investment in Indonesia was seriously impaired by the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Indonesia plans to increase investment sharply through both public spending and private finance. Yet, Indonesia lacks suitable long-term investment vehicles and capital markets are still developing.
English, PDF, 436kb
Over the past years, Indonesia has implemented a number of trade and investment measures to develop local industries and move its firms up the value chain, but these measures have raised concerns in many of its trading partners.