OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Sweden 2014
This report is the third OECD review of Sweden’s environmental performance. It evaluates
progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on Sweden's
longstanding commitment to mitigating emissions of greenhouse gases and its management
of marine ecosystem services and water.
Sweden is a leader in many fields of environmental policy. It is among the most innovative OECD countries when it comes to environment-related technology, and has pioneered several policy instruments, many based on the principle of putting a price on environmentally harmful activities.
Progress in cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has been impressive and Sweden has committed to ambitious climate goals. With neighbouring countries, Sweden shares a responsibility for the Baltic Sea, a very vulnerable marine ecosystem. Taking account of the benefits of marine ecosystems in decision making is, therefore, all the more important.
While overall environmental quality is very good, the country faces challenges in meeting the very ambitious environmental quality objectives it has set for itself.
“Sweden is a frontrunner in using market instruments like green taxes to discourage environmentally harmful activities and foster new technologies. But the better one does, the harder it is to improve. Sweden will need more cost-effective policies and a fairer sharing of compliance costs to meet future goals.”
Simon Upton, OECD Director of the Environment
Launch of the Assessment and recommendations of the Environmental Performance Review of Sweden, 11 June 2014, Stockholm
Icons : Rural by Evan Caughey, Water by Alessandro Suraci, Tree by Tim Boelaars, Mountain by Benni, Lake by Pieter J. Smits, Forest by Juan Pablo Bravo, Tree by Lance Hancock, all from The Noun Project