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Green growth and sustainable development

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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Belgium 2021

Belgium has made progress in decoupling several environmental pressures from economic growth, in improving wastewater treatment and in expanding protected areas. Regions have achieved high levels of recovery and recycling, and have pioneered circular economy policies. However, further efforts are needed to progress towards carbon neutrality, reduce air and water pollution, reverse biodiversity loss and consolidate results of circular economy initiatives. Strengthening co‑ordination between the federal government and the regions, and among the regions, as well as enhancing policy coherence will be key factors of progress. As the COVID-19 emergency passes, recovery efforts should focus on putting the country back on track to meet the Sustainable Development Goals. Investing in low-carbon and natural infrastructure, promoting circular economy, strengthening carbon prices and phasing out environmentally harmful subsidies should be priorities. This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Belgium. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on biodiversity and waste, materials management and the circular economy.

Published on March 31, 2021Also available in: French

In series:OECD Environmental Performance Reviewsview more titles

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Reader’s guide
Abbreviations and acronyms
Basic statistics of Belgium
Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
Progress towards sustainable development3 chapters available
Environmental performance: Trends and recent developments
Environmental governance and management
Towards green growth
Progress towards selected environmental objectives2 chapters available
Biodiversity
Waste, materials management and the circular economy
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