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Publications & Documents


  • 24-January-2022

    English

    Spending Reviews

    Spending reviews analyse the stock of existing expenditure and are used by governments during the budget process to develop, assess, recommend and adopt policies.

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  • 24-January-2022

    English

    How Learning Continued during the COVID-19 Pandemic - Global Lessons from Initiatives to Support Learners and Teachers

    This report brings together 45 of the education continuity stories that were jointly documented by the OECD, the World Bank, Harvard’s Global Education Innovation Initiative and HundrED during the first wave of school closures related to the COVID-19 pandemic. It covers a variety of different examples on how governments and non-governmental organisations quickly responded to school closures to implement a strategy for learners around the world to continue to study. While often based on the use of digital solutions, those solutions target specific solutions aimed at academic learning, socio-emotional support, teacher professional development, etc. The book covers examples from low, middle and high income countries on all continents and draws some lessons of these fast-paced responses to reimagine a post-pandemic education across the world.
  • 18-January-2022

    English

    Regulating corporate political engagement: trends, challenges and the role for investors

    This event will launch the PRI paper on the investor case for responsible political engagement and the report prepared by the OECD, mapping regulations that shape corporate political engagement activities in selected jurisdictions.

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  • 13-January-2022

    English

    Ensuring transparency and integrity in public decision making and electoral processes in the State of Mexico

    This paper provides recommendations to foster integrity and transparency in decision making in the State of Mexico, by regulating access and promoting stakeholder engagement; and to enhance transparency and integrity in the funding of political parties and election campaigns. It addresses current challenges related to political finance such as cash contributions and clientelism, as well as the need to ensure adequate audit capacities and effective sanctions that advance accountability. Likewise, it analyses the state of play in terms of interactions between stakeholders, on the one hand, and public officials and legislators, on the other, providing recommendations to prevent policy capture, preserve integrity, and strengthen transparency.
  • 11-January-2022

    Moldovian/Romanian, PDF, 6,510kb

    Evaluation of the Romanian National Anti-corruption Strategy 2016-2020 - Romanian

    Pentru a asigura sustenabilitatea şi reziliența instituțiilor sale, România abordează schimbări istorice şi structurale în sistemul guvernanţei publice, inclusiv din perspectiva coruptiei.

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  • 11-January-2022

    English, PDF, 6,461kb

    Evaluation of the Romanian National Anti-corruption Strategy 2016-2020

    To ensure the sustainability and resilience of its institutions, Romania is addressing historic and structural challenges in its public governance system, including corruption. To this end, it developed the 2016-2020 National Anticorruption Strategy (NAS) to help curb corruption and enable the public administration to deliver inclusive policies and effective public services whilst mitigating risks of corruption.

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  • 11-January-2022

    English

    Regulatory Policy by Country

    Reviews on regulatory reform, current country activities, and latest developments on regulatory policy presented by country.

  • 21-December-2021

    English

    Improving effectiveness of Lithuania’s innovation policy

    This paper concludes the project 'Support to Improve Effectiveness of Lithuania’s Innovation Policy' which summarises the findings, policy options and recommended actions. It aimed at providing support to efforts of the Government of Lithuania to better deliver existing policies, and develop and implement appropriate new policies, instruments and institutions in selected areas of science, technology and innovation (STI) policy. The report takes stock of recent policy actions taken since the 'OECD Review of Innovation Policy: Lithuania 2016'. Drawing on international good practices it explores the scope for improvement in selected areas of STI policy: a) consolidation of innovation agencies and enhancing Lithuania’s STI Council, b) public procurement of innovation , c) mission-oriented innovation policies, and d) industry 4.0 and artificial intelligence. The project has been aligned with ongoing Lithuanian reform processes, some of which are reflected in the ‘New Generation Lithuania’ plan related to the EU’s Recovery and Resilience Facility.
  • 21-December-2021

    English

    The E-Leaders Handbook on the Governance of Digital Government

    The digital transformation of public sectors, economies and societies is generating challenges as well as opportunities for governments. Robust public governance is needed to respond to these challenges, reap the full benefits of digital and data-driven government, and encourage a holistic, systemic transformation. This Handbook presents the OECD Framework on the Governance of Digital Government, which was developed based on the experiences of Member and Partner countries. The Handbook identifies the aspects that need to be addressed when devising public governance frameworks for digital government, including contextual factors, institutional models and policy levers. Based on the Framework, the Handbook also provides a practical and easy-to-use toolkit for policy makers seeking to improve the digital government maturity of their administrations.
  • 21-December-2021

    English

    An updated OECD framework on drivers of trust in public institutions to meet current and future challenges

    Trust between citizens and their governments is crucial for the legitimacy and functioning of democracies. This paper discusses the main determinants of people’s trust in public institutions and their measurement, in times of crisis as well as for a long-term, strong, inclusive and green recovery. It presents evidence on the great variation in the levels and drivers of trust across public institutions, across levels of government within countries, and among population groups. It also identifies three main trust challenges for public governance that were heightened by the COVID-19 crisis: i) people’s views on the credibility and effectiveness of government action on intergenerational and often global challenges; ii) the changes in political participation and political attitudes; and iii) an increasing distrust of and disengagement from democratic processes. Building on previous OECD work, and taking into account lessons from other crises and handling of the COVID-19 pandemic, the paper introduces a revised and expanded version of the OECD Framework on Drivers of Trust in Public Institutions. Furthermore, it discusses how this Framework is applied in the OECD Trust Survey. Both the Framework and the Survey aim to provide governments with actionable evidence to build and maintain people’s trust as the basis for successful planning and policy reforms, allowing democracies to be fitter, stronger and more resilient in the future.
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