The 2017-2021 Dutch Coalition Agreement Confidence in the Future has a strong focus on sustainability and proposes policies and actions that are in substance strongly aligned with the SDGs. Moreover, it stresses the importance of coherence both internally and externally. The national action plan on policy coherence for development, originating from 2016 and revised in 2018, includes goals, policy action and indicators linked to the SDGs focusing on five priority areas with a strong emphasis on means of implementation (SDG 17) and sustainability/greening of international policy: combatting tax evasion and avoidance, development-friendly trade agreements, development-friendly investment regime; increasing sustainability of production and trade, and combatting climate change. Source: PCSD Toolkit, Good institutional practices, Netherlands.
In 2002, Latvia enacted its Sustainable Development Policy based on the 1992 Rio Declaration and its experience with balancing economic and social processes with environmental protection. Following a review of the European Union’s Sustainable Development Policy in 2006, Latvia refined its national planning processes, allowing for broad consultation of stakeholders during the elaboration of the country’s sustainable development vision Latvia2030. The document considers integrated planning across economic, social, ecological and cultural spheres as indispensable and strives to ensure inclusive policy making across all administrative levels and sectors. Accordingly, promoting policy coherence for sustainable development is a key principle of Latvia’s development planning process as stated in its 2018 VNR. Source: PCSD Toolkit, Good institutional practices, Latvia.
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