People-centred measurement of access to civil justice: the new global SDG indicator 16.3.3


What is the new global SDG indicator 16.3.3?

  • The newly approved SDG global indicator 16.3.3 provides an opportunity for all countries to report on achieving access to justice for all to deliver on their commitments on the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, and in particular SDG target 16.3 “ promote the rule of law at the national and international levels, and ensure equal access to justice for all


  • The indicator, developed by OECD, UNDP and UNODC, reads “Proportion of the population who have experienced a dispute in the past two years and who accessed a formal or informal dispute resolution mechanism, by type of mechanism”.  The indicator was approved by the tenth meeting of the Inter-agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators (IAEG-SDGs) held from 21 to 24 October 2019 in Addis Ababa.


  • It focuses on the first step of the process to obtain justice and in particular on the accessibility of justice institutions and mechanisms (both formal and informal). It aims to provide information about the overall accessibility of civil justice institutions and processes, barriers, and main reasons for exclusion. The disaggregation by type of dispute resolution mechanism provides additional information about the channels used by citizens in need of enforcing or defending their rights.


What are the key milestones for all countries to report under SDG indicator 16.3.3?

  • All governments, in close collaboration with their national statistical agencies, are invited to report on progress made under this indicator to the United Nations (via co-custodians OECD, UNDP, UNODC) on an annual basis starting in February, 2022. This information will be included into the annual UN SDG progress report.


  • Data for this indicator can be collected through a small set of surveys questions (four) which can be included in general or dedicated surveys or via conducting legal needs surveys.


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