Public governance


Constitutions in OECD Countries: A Comparative Study

Background Report in the Context of Chile’s Constitutional Process

Chile has embarked on an ambitious path towards a new constitution. For all countries, drafting a new constitution or amending an existing one is a stimulating challenge, but also a demanding process from both a political and technical standpoint. This report presents the results of a benchmarking exercise conducted by the OECD of possible constitutional provisions, reflecting the experiences of OECD member countries. The components covered include economic and social rights, the system of government, multi-level governance, constitutional review, fiscal governance and the role and functioning of central banks.

Published on February 28, 2022Also available in: Spanish


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
The basics of constitutions: An overview
Economic, social, cultural and new rights
System of government
Multi-level governance and territorial organisation
Constitutional Review
Fiscal governance
Central banks’ governance and operations
Comparative Tables
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