Stakeholder engagement


The key principles can help International Organisations in engaging with stakeholders, bearing in mind the differences in nature, purpose and mandate between various nature of IOs and the implications that this may have for stakeholder engagement. This list of key principles is therefore not intended as an exhaustive account.

1. Adopt a Comprehensive Stakeholder Engagement Strategic Approach

For successful stakeholder engagement to take place, IOs need to plan and act strategically. A clear and comprehensive approach identifying when, how and to what extent consultations with relevant stakeholders on the development of international instruments (such as policies and rules) will take place is an important basis to ensure effective stakeholder engagement by IOs. A whole-of-organisation approach to stakeholder engagement allows to help enhance inclusiveness of and adherence to international instruments. The format, content and development process of this strategy will depend on each IO’s nature, mandate and governance processes.


2. Ensure the Effective Identification and Selection of Stakeholders

Given the global reach of stakeholders that are potentially interested in contributing to international instruments and the broad range of private/public actors that may provide valuable insights, IOs are encouraged to identify, keep track and reach out to relevant stakeholders depending on the nature, purpose and mandate of the IOs and the nature and type of the engagement.


3. Apply Robust and Transparent Stakeholder Engagement Procedures

Stakeholder engagement is a fundamental building block for transparency and accountability of the IO’s rulemaking process and, as such, the specifics of the engagement procedures followed require transparency, accountability and uniformity.


4. Adopt Consistent Timing Practices in Stakeholder Engagement

Along with adopting a strategic vision, identifying the appropriate stakeholders for a particular subject matter, defining relevant tools for participation, and deciding on the timing for consultations is essential in ensuring the effectiveness of stakeholder engagement. Consideration should be given to the IO rulemaking process and the flexibility for modifications, as well as the necessary time that stakeholders may need to react. IOs may choose to issue early notices of upcoming consultations and initiate the consultation taking into account the subsequent steps of the rulemaking process, and the additional necessary period needed to consider stakeholder inputs and advance finalization of the international instruments.


5. Facilitate Clear, Effective and Detailed Communication with Stakeholders

Ultimately, whatever the purpose of the engagement, whichever the modalities followed, whoever the stakeholders consulted, clear, effective and detailed communications about each individual consultation with stakeholders are key to allow for an effective two-way process.


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