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  • 4-February-2021

    Spanish, PDF, 464kb

    Política regulatoria en Costa Rica

    Política regulatoria en Costa Rica

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  • 3-February-2021

    English

    How do laws and regulations affect competitiveness: The role for regulatory impact assessment - OECD Working Paper

    This paper reviews OECD members’ regulatory appraisal practices for competitiveness undertaken as part of their regulatory impact assessment (RIA) frameworks.

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  • 3-February-2021

    English

    How do laws and regulations affect competitiveness - The role for regulatory impact assessment

    The impacts of laws and regulations on competitiveness have strong implications for OECD economies, as they can lead to unforeseen negative externalities and considerable regulatory costs for businesses and citizens. Nevertheless, the use of regulatory policy to assess the impacts of regulations on competitiveness has seldom been examined. This paper fills this gap by reviewing OECD members’ regulatory impact assessment (RIA) frameworks and the extent to which the competitiveness effects are currently appraised. It categorises regulatory impacts on competitiveness into three strongly interrelated components – cost competitiveness, innovation, and international competitiveness – and builds upon the OECD’s expertise to examine how regulations affect each component of competitiveness in turn. In doing so, the paper proposes a more complete structure that regulators can use to define and assess the competitiveness impacts of regulation as part of their RIA processes framework.
  • 2-February-2021

    English

    Regulatory impact assessment and EU law transposition in the Western Balkans - A comparative analysis of the practice of ex ante assessment of regulatory proposals and EU law transposition

    The paper provides a comparative analysis of the regulatory impact assessment (RIA) systems of the six Western Balkans administrations, showing how they have been used to ensure evidence-based lawmaking and EU law transposition. The regulatory and methodological frameworks, institutional set-ups and arrangements for RIA and EU law harmonisation, including government planning, EU accession negotiations and transposition, have been systematically analysed to identify the strengths and weaknesses of national systems and practice and to share knowledge and good practices. Key policy recommendations have been provided to address major shortcomings and improve the national systems of regulatory policy making.
  • 1-February-2021

    English

    Federalism and public health decentralisation in the time of COVID-19

    The Coronavirus pandemic has put extreme pressure on public health services, often delivered at the local and regional levels of government. The paper focuses on how countries made changes to the configuration of federalism during the first wave of the pandemic. These changes typically have involved the centralisation and decentralisation of certain health-related activities, as well as the creation of new coordination and funding mechanisms. Specific tools that have been used include an enhanced role of the executive branch ('executive federalism'), the use of centres of government for vertical coordination, as well as the introduction of unique state-of-emergency laws. New horizontal coordination arrangements have also emerged with the more decentralised approaches. The strengths, weaknesses and implementation risks of various approaches are analysed using country examples.
  • 20-January-2021

    English

    Good regulatory practices and co-operation in trade agreements - A historical perspective and stocktaking

    This paper presents a stocktaking of standalone chapters in trade agreements dedicated to good regulatory practices and international regulatory co-operation. While standalone regulatory policy chapters in trade agreements remain a new development, they signal countries’ increasing interest in elevating the visibility and ambition of regulatory policy, in line with their commitments in the 2012 OECD Recommendation of the Council on Regulatory Policy and Governance and the 2005 APEC-OECD Integrated Checklist on Regulatory Reform. Still, the level of ambition of these chapters varies widely depending on the state of play of regulatory policy in trading partners. By comparing the main substantive and structural features of these chapters, this stocktaking aims to inform the development of similar chapters in future trade agreements.
  • 19-January-2021

    English

    Recommendation of the Council on Regulatory Policy and Governance

    This Recommendation sets out the current thinking on how to effectively implement regulatory policy in countries, based on over a decade of OECD experience. "This Recommendation is the first comprehensive international statement on regulatory policy since the crisis", says Angel Gurría.

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