Public employment and management

Government at a Glance 2011


Video | Executive summary | Country notes | Indicators | Q&A | Table of contents 
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This second edition of Government at a Glance almost doubles the number of available indicators of OECD governments’ performance, to nearly 60.


The indicators compare the political and institutional frameworks of government across OECD countries as well as government revenues and expenditures, employment, and compensation.


This publication provides evidence for policy makers by measuring the performance of governments in a comparative perspective. This also allows countries to benchmark their performance against other countries.


There are also indicators describing government policies and practices on integrity, e-government and open government, and introduce several composite indexes summarising key aspects of public management practices in human resources management, budgeting, procurement, and regulatory management.

The online version of Government at a Glance is free on OECD-iLibrary





Governments are facing some tough decisions and getting public finances back on track means that hard choices have to be taken. The way forward for one country may not be the best road for another.


Watch the video to find out more.



 Executive summary

 Read the Highlights online or download them for free in the following languages:



 Country notes


Over 50 indicators comparing the political and institutional frameworks of member and some non-member governments with other OECD countries as well as government revenues and expenditures, employment, and compensation.


A breakdown of the information by country is available here.




This latest edition contains 58 indicators of good government, on 42 governments and in 10 policy domains


Click here to access the indicators in PDF and Excel format on the OECD i-Library


 Questions and Answers


Click here to find the answers to 15 of the most common questions in relation to Government at a Glance.


 Table of contents


Foreword Editorial

Reader’s Guide


Chapter I. Leveraged Governance: Avoiding Fracture and Getting Results

OECD 50th Anniversary Chapter

Chapter II. Fiscal Consolidation: The Need for Evidence-Based Decision Making

Chapter III. Public Finance and Economics

1. General government revenues
2. Structure of general government revenues
3. Revenue structure by level of government
4. General government expenditures
5. Structure of general government expenditures (by COFOG function)
6. Expenditure structure by level of government
7. General government expenditures by type
8. Production costs in general government
9. General government investment
10. Final consumption of goods and services by government and households
11. Size of general government financial assets and liabilities
12. General government deficits/surpluses
13. General government debt
14. Special feature: Governments' role in R&D

Chapter IV. Strategic Foresight and Leadership

15. Fiscal sustainability
16. Strategic human resource management
17. Senior civil service
18. Political influence in senior staffing
19. Strategic decision making: ministerial advisors
20. E-government strategies

Chapter V. Employment in General Government and Public Corporations

21. Employment in general government and public corporations
22. General government employment across levels of government
23. Ageing central government workforce
24. Special feature: Public workforce restructuring

Chapter VI. Compensation in Selected Public Sector Occupations

25. Teachers’ salaries
26. Doctors’ and nurses’ salaries
27. Compensation of senior management in central government
28. Compensation of middle management in central government
29. Compensation of professionals in central government
30. Compensation of administrative/secretarial staff in central government

Chapter VII. Human Resources Management Practices

31. Delegation in human resource management
32. Staff performance management
33. Industrial relations in central government
34. Working conditions in central government

Chapter VIII. Transparency in Governance

35. Legislative capacity to ensure transparency in the budget process
36. Scope of freedom of information laws
37. Ease of filing a request for public information
38. Proactive disclosure of information
39. Conflict-of-interest disclosure by top decision makers

Chapter IX. Public Procurement

40. Size of public procurement market
41. Transparency in public procurement
42. E-procurement
43. Special feature: Green procurement

Chapter X. Regulatory Governance

44. Regulatory institutional frameworks and oversight
45. Improving the transparency of regulations
46. Preparing for effective compliance and enforcement of regulations
47. Evaluating regulatory performance

Chapter XI. Ways of Delivering Public Services

48. Government outsourcing
49. Uptake of e-government services
50. Special feature: Partnering with citizens in service delivery

Chapter XII. Government Performance Indicators from Selected Sectors

51. Greater fairness through selected government policies
52. Equity in access to education
53. Education outputs
54. Education outcomes
55. Equity in access to health care
56. Health outputs and output-based efficiency measures
57. Health outcomes and expenditure
58. Efficiency of tax administrations

Annex A. Methodology for Revenue Aggregates

Annex B. Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG)

Annex C. Assumptions of the OECD Fiscal Sustainability Model

Annex D. Methodology and Additional Notes on Compensation of Government Employees

Annex E. Methodology and Additional Notes on Indicators of Human Resource Management

Annex F. Detailed Data from the 2010 Survey on Integrity

Annex G. Detailed Data from the 2010 OECD Procurement Survey

Annex H. Contextual Factors

Annex I.  Members of the Government at a Glance Steering Group





 How to purchase this publication

Readers can access the full version of Government at a Glance 2011  by choosing from the following options:



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