Romania: Strengthening Institutional Mechanisms to deliver on the SDGs
The OECD Scan of Institutional Mechanisms to Deliver on the SDGs analyses strengths and weaknesses for promoting Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development throughout the policy cycle in Romania, and suggests initial steps to strengthen the existing institutional framework for accelerating progress on the SDGs.
The OECD supports the Department of Sustainable Development, within the Prime Minister’s Office in better assessing the cost and implications of implementing the Romania’s Sustainable Development Strategy 2030 through coherent governmental action. In particular the OECD analysed the linkages between policy formulation and budgeting to support the implementation of the SDGs. OECD works with the Romanian Government for strengthening coherent policy formulation, budgeting and monitoring mechanisms that help putting sustainable development at the center of the day-to-day government’s decisions.
Going forward the OECD will help the Department of Sustainable Development in implementing the 2030 Action Plan in terms of strengthening cross-silos policy formulation, interoperability between policy monitoring systems and indicators, as well as identifying and addressing policy trade-offs emerging from the crisis.
How we work with Romania?
1. Institutional scan
This scan assess the existing institutional arrangements and suggests options to mainstream the Sustainable Development Strategy 2030 into day-to-day work
2. Linking policy planning and budgeting to support transparency on monitoring and reporting of SDG-related public spending.
3. Cross-governmental dialogues on the key drivers for strengthening policy coherence identified through OECD reviews.
Workshops and Events related to the project
The Department of Sustainable Development organised and contributed, in partnership with the OECD, to several international events:
A side event has been co-host by Romania and the OECD during the UNECE Regional Forum in March 2020 on “Integrated implementation of the SDGs”. The panellists included representatives from Austria, Sweden, Italy, Malta and Luxembourg.
In partnership with the OECD the Government of Romania participated to the SDG Lab’s online session focused on sharing country challenges in SDG implementation during the UNECE Regional Forum on Sustainable Development organised by UNECE secretariat and IISD on March 18th 2020.
In 1999 Romania developed its first sustainable development strategy, based on the premise that the benefits of economic development should outweigh its costs, including those relating to the conservation and the improvement of the environment.
With the intention to put Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development at the core of policy making, Romania established in 2019 the Interdepartmental Committee on Sustainable Development (ICSD) composed by all line ministers and headed by the Prime Minister.
Romania could significantly advance sustainability of the energy sector to meet the SDG 7: its low dependency on imported energy resources, combined with structural changes in the economy, might lead to the downsizing and relative decline of energy-intensive industries, in favour of wind, solar and water energy. In the past 15 years Romania managed to achieve a 24% renewable energy share in energy production, reaching the target that had been settled for 2020.
In 2019 Romania established the Sustainable Development Hubs (“SD Hubs”) at the level of line ministries and agencies. These public officers serve as liaisons between Department of Sustainable Development (DSD) within the Prime Minister’s Office and different departments within their respective ministries, responsible for implementing the country’s Sustainable Development Strategy.
In 2020, in order to ensure an effective policy-science interface, the Romanian Government established the Consultative Council for Sustainable Development which brings together 34 experts who will contribute with scientific know-how to the implementation of the Romania’s Sustainable Development Strategy 2030 and the formulation of its Action Plan and SDGs indicators.
The country’s accession to the European Union in 2007 led to a change of Romania’s national priorities, which resulted in the National Sustainable Development Strategy of Romania 2008-2020-2030, adopted on 12 November 2008.
To meet the goals of the 2030 Agenda this strategy was revised. The new strategy, adopted in 2018, is built around the citizen and the needs of future generations. The reviewing process was coordinated by the Department of Sustainable Development within the Prime Minister’s Office, established in 2017.