This report looks at how to curb corruption and build a more competitive economy in
the Republic of Kazakhstan by assessing four crucial factors: governance, prevention,
detection, and prosecution and recovery. In its analysis, it draws on good international
practices as well as OECD instruments and tools in 15 policy areas: regulatory governance,
competition policy, public financial management, development co-operation, public
sector integrity, public procurement, tax administration and transparency, export
credits, lobbying, whistleblower protection, business sector integrity, criminalising
bribery, civil society, and media. The report provides recommendations for improving
Kazakhstan’s laws and policies as well as effectively implementing them in each of
strengthen the rule of law and focus on implementing the reforms. Kazakhstan should
continue with existing administrative simplification efforts and consider developing
a systemic programme on administrative burden measurement.
effectively implement and ensure a functioning competitive environment. Kazakhstan
should consider deleting provisions that allow for intervention based solely on an
infringement upon consumers' rights or interests and instead focus on "harm to competition".
ensure an open, transparent and inclusive budgeting process at both the national and
subnational levels, through for example; publishing citizens' versions of the national
budget documents and improving the comprehensiveness of budget documents throughout
the budget cycle.