Anti-corruption and integrity in the public sector
OECD Integrity Review of Italy
Reinforcing Public Sector Integrity, Restoring Trust for Sustainable Growth
In response to the ongoing economic crisis, Italy is undertaking a series of critically
important reforms, combining pro-growth policies with severe austerity measures to
achieve fiscal consolidation. The success of these structural reforms will rely heavily
on the capacity of the government to restore trust in its ability and commitment to
guide the country towards sustainable economic growth. At the time of this publication,
however, less than a quarter of Italian citizens trusted the quality of government
decision-making. Concerns over public integrity and corruption stand out as key elements
underlying this prevailing lack of trust.
To restore the deficit of trust in the Italian government, the public sector needs
to be embedded within a comprehensive integrity framework. Law 190 of November 6,
2012 (the Anti-Corruption Law) enshrines public sector integrity management and strengthens
existing corruption prevention provisions through the designation of a new anti-corruption
authority, a detailed framework for the adoption of a national anti-corruption plan,
and new provisions regarding the conduct and prevention of conflict of interests in
the public sector.
This OECD Integrity Review provides guidance on the implementation of key integrity
and corruption prevention elements of the Law, most notably those concerning institutional
coordination, the regulation of conduct and whistleblower protection, and management
of integrity risks in public sector activities. The review concludes each chapter
with proposals for action, with OECD member countries’ best practices in mind, with
the ultimate goal of supporting Italy in its efforts to enhance integrity in the public
sector and restore trust.
Published on September 20, 2013Also available in: Italian
To restore trust in the Italian government, the public sector needs to be embedded
within a comprehensive integrity framework. The broad support that the Anti-Corruption
Law has won should be leveraged for implementation.
The proposed integrity tools need to be ingrained within current public administration
structures. Roles and responsibilities for implementing them, and for monitoring and
evaluating their implementation should be clearly defined among complementary bodies.
Attention should be given to institutional co-ordination and co-operation. Like in
many OECD countries, corruption prevention functions in Italy have become increasingly
scattered as public sector activity has grown in volume and complexity.