Anti-corruption and integrity in the public sector
Human trafficking and corruption
Organised trafficking cannot take place without corruption
Trafficking in persons is one of the most lucrative forms of organised crime. Similarly to illicit trade in general, organised trafficking requires systematic corruption.
Prior to the OECD's development of Guiding Principles, there was no international instrument that comprehensively focused on the important link between corruption and trafficking in persons and that aimed at addressing both.
Addressing these two issues jointly, coupled with better cross-border cooperation, better enforcement and an increased focus on combating corruption is key to effectively curb human trafficking.
Over 20.9 million people around the world are estimated to be victims of forced labour.
Forced labour is estimated to generate US$150 billion per year of illegal profits in the private economy worldwide (ILO).
Human trafficking is one of the most lucrative forms of organised crime.
66% of trafficking victims are trafficked across borders.
CORRUPTION AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING
Organised trafficking cannot take place without corruption.
Human trafficking occurs with the collusion of corrupt officials with criminal gangs.
Corruption in the trafficking in persons cycle:
allows the crime to be invisible
facilitates the impunity once cases of trafficking in persons are detected
facilitates the execution of the crime, and
can assure the re-vicitimisation of trafficked victims
Addressing human trafficking and corruption jointly is more effective than addressing these two issuess individually. This is why the OECD has developed Guiding Principles on Combatting Corruption Related to Trafficking in Persons
OECD DRAFT GUIDING PRINCIPLES ON COMBATTING CORRUPTION RELATED TO TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS
The OECD's Guiding Principles are grouped under the following headings:
International cooperation and agreements
Jointly addressing and investigating trafficking in persons and corruption
Transparency and integrity frameworks for public officials at risk
Awareness-raising and prevention measures for Public Officials and the general public
Improvement of data collection and systematic use of information
Lift immunity in corruption and trafficking cases
BETTER DATA REQUIRED
Better data is needed to understand more fully the human trafficking operating environment
Collecting and sharing this information at the national level would strengthen policies designed to prevent trafficking and protect victims, increase prosecutions, and assess impact of prevention strategies
The OECD Task Force on Countering Illicit Trade (TF-CIT) was set up to co-ordinate international expertise in the quantification and mapping of illicit markets.