National AI initiatives
A selection of national AI initiatives
- Australia’s Tech Future
- Australia’s 2025 Digital Transformation Strategy (Vision 2025)
- Australia’s Ethics Framework, developed by CSIRO’s Data61 and designed to encouraged conversations about ethics in Australia.
- Canada’s Directive on Algorithmic Impact Assessment (AIA)
- Canada’s Directive on Automated Decision-Making. This Directive applies to any automated decision system developed or procured after 1 April 2020.
- List of interested artificial intelligence suppliers
- Pan-Canadian AI Strategy, CIFAR, March 2017 (overview)
- Guidance on Next Generation AI Development Plan, State Council, July 2017 (Chinese only)
- Three-Year Action Plan for Promoting Development of a New Generation Artificial Intelligence Industry (2018-2020)
- In June 2019 the National New Generation Artificial Intelligence Governance Committee (under the National New Generation AI Promotion Office) released the New Generation AI Governance Principles – Developing Responsible AI (Ministry of Science and Technology)
- Danish National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs, March 2019
- Strategy for Denmark’s Digital Growth, Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs, May 2018
- Estonian Artificial Intelligence: Report of the Expert Group on Deployment, May 2019, State Chancery website (in Estonian)
- Estonia’s work towards an AI strategy, March 2018
- Estonia's ideas on legalising AI, presentation at October 2017 OECD conference on AI: Intelligent Machines, Smart Policies
- Finland’s age of artificial intelligence, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment report, December 2017
- Leading the way into the age of artificial intelligence, final report of Finland's Artificial Intelligence Programme 2019
- Strategy for a Meaningful Artificial Intelligence (French and English), March 2018
- Report on AI and the future of work, France Stratégie, March 2018 (French only)
Germany published its Artificial Intelligence Strategy, named “AI Made in Germany” in November 2018
- “Automated and Connected Driving”, BMVI Ethics Commission report, June 2017
- "Artificial Intelligence at the service of the citizen", Agency for Digital Italy white paper, March 2018
- Draft AI Utilization Principles in Japan, The Conference Toward AI Network Society, July 2018
- Artificial Intelligence Technology Strategy, Strategic Council for AI Technology, March 2017
- AI R&D Guidelines, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC), July 2017
- South Korea launched a five-year strategy with associated R&D investment funding in order to position itself as a leader in AI.
- Mid- to long-term master plan in preparation for the intelligent information society, Interdepartmental Exercise of the Korean Government, July 2017
- Lithuanian Artificial Intelligence Strategy: A vision of the future, Ministry of Economy, April 2019
- Placing AI at the forefront of Malta’s vision, Malta.AI Taskforce, 2019
- In June 2018, the government of Mexico published the study Towards an AI Strategy in Mexico: Harnessing the AI Revolution, serves as a foundation for building full AI strategy.
- A National AI Strategy for the Netherlands – AINED, November 2018
- In March 2018, the AI Forum of New Zealand – an independent organisation that brings together NZ AI experts and stakeholders from all sectors, including government – published the report Artificial Intelligence: Shaping a Future New Zealand. See also the AI Forum report Government Use of Artificial Intelligence in New Zealand.
- In response, the New Zealand government began exploring the creation of an AI action plan and ethical framework in May 2018.
- In February 2019, the government of Norway announced that it would develop a coordinated strategy for AI in Norway.
- In November 2018, the Ministry of Digitization published an action plan (in Polish) to develop an AI strategy.
- In February 2019, the Portuguese government launched AI Portugal 2030, which seeks strengthen economic growth, scientific excellence, and human development using with AI.
- Saudi Arabia announced its Vision 2030 in 2016.
- In May 2017, Singapore launched “AI Singapore” (AI.SG) as its national programme in AI in order “to catalyse, synergise and boost Singapore’s AI capabilities to power [its] future, digital economy” (press release)
- Singapore’s Digital Government Blueprint makes a solid push for AI in government, and commits to developing a set of guidelines on the use of AI to manage risk.
- A Proposed Model AI Governance Framework: Guiding Principles, Personal Data Protection Commission (PDPC), Singapore, January 2019.
- In March 2019, the government of Spain’s Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities launched the RDI Strategy in Artificial Intelligence.
- Sweden’s May 2018 National Approach for Artificial Intelligence put forth the country’s strategic priorities for AI and established a high-level framework for aligning AI stakeholders from all sectors.
- The same month, Vinnova, the Swedish government’s innovation agency, published Artificial Intelligence in Swedish Business and Society as an analysis of the development and potential of AI in Sweden, including the public sector.
- More information is available on the AI Innovation of Sweden website.
United Arab Emirates
- The Ministry for Artificial Intelligence was launched in October 2017 alongside the UAE Strategy for Artificial Intelligence.
- Since then, in April 2019 the UAE adopted the UAE Artificial Intelligence Strategy 2031, which “aims at positioning the UAE as a global leader in artificial intelligence by 2031, and to develop an integrated system that employs artificial intelligence in vital areas in the UAE”.
- Dubai's AI Principles, January 2019
The UK government issued the AI Sector Deal in April 2018 (updated in May 2019). The strategy is borne from the UK’s Industrial Strategy, which identified AI and data as one of four “grand challenges” in which the UK has the potential to lead the world.
- The Sector Deal charges the new Office for Artificial Intelligence with governance of the Deal and reviewing progress on the objectives. Since its creation, the Office for AI and the Government Digital Service (GDS) have jointly issued a guide to using artificial intelligence in the public sector to help actualise the Sector Deal.
In February 2019, the United States launched the American AI Initiative, in the form of an executive order. In follow up, the US issued the National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan 2019 Update.
- The AI Initiative was also considered in the development of the US’s new Federal Data Strategy and associated Action Plan, which includes an action item to “improve data resources for AI research and development”.
- Information on all the AI policy initiatives undertaken by the United States can be found on the Artificial Intelligence for the American People website.
International AI initiatives
A selection of international AI initiatives
- Policy and investment recommendations for trustworthy Artificial Intelligence, EC High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence, June 2019
- Ethics guidelines for Trustworthy AI, EC High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence, April 2019
- Coordinated plan on artificial intelligence, December 2018
- Communication on artificial intelligence in Europe, April 2018
- Statement on artificial intelligence, robotics and ‘autonomous’ systems, European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies, March 2018
- G20 AI Principles, G20 Ministerial Meeting on Trade and Digital Economy, June 2019
- Declaration on Artificial Intelligence in the Nordic-Baltic Region, issued in May 2018 by Denmark, Estonia, Finland, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and the Åland Islands.
UNESCO - World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST)
- Report of COMEST on Robotics Ethics, World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology, September 2017
United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Private stakeholder initiatives
A selection of private stakeholder initiatives on AI
“Governing the Rise of Artificial Intelligence – A Global Civic Debate”, launched September 2017
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
“Statement on Algorithmic Transparency and Accountability”, USACM, January 2017
- Four principles of AI ethics, May 2018
Beijing AI Principles
- Beijing AI Principles, published by the Beijing Academy of Artificial Intelligence (BAAI); Peking University; Tsinghua University; Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Artifical Intelligence Industry Innovation Strategy Alliance (AITISA), May 2019
Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), Canada
China's Aritifical Intelligence Industry Alliance
- Joint Pledge on Artificial Intelligence Industry Self-Discipline (draft for comment), June 2019
- DeepMind Ethics & Society Principles, October 2017
European Economic and Social Committee (EESC)
Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency in Machine Learning (FATML)
Future of Life Institute
- Asilomar AI Principles, January 2017
- GE Healthcare AI principles, October 2018
- Google’s AI principles, June 2018
- Research on ‘Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence, Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society
- Everyday Ethics for Artificial Intelligence: Five Areas of Ethical Focus, September 2018
- Principles for Trust and Transparency, May 2018
- Principles for the Cognitive Era, January 2017
Information Technology Industry Council (ITI)
- ITI’s AI Policy Principles, October 2017
Institute of Business Ethics (IBE)
- IBE interactive framework of fundamental values and principles for the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in business, UK, January 2018
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
- Ethically Aligned Design Version 2, December 2017
Ethical Aspects of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, June 2019
- AI public policy principles, October 2017
Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence (JSAI)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
- Research on AI and machine learning at CSAIL (Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab)
- Microsoft AI Principles, January 2018
- "The Parnership of the Future", Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella explores how humans and AI can work together to solve society’s greatest challenges, Slate, 28 June 2016
Partnership on AI to Benefit People and Society (PAI)
Public Voice Calition
- In October 2018 The Public Voice Coalition, a group of NGOs and representatives assembled by the Electronic Privacy Information Center, issued 12 Universal Guidelines for the Development of AI.
- The Stanford Human-Centered AI Initiative (HAI), October 2018
- Stanford 100 Year Study on AI (AI100) 2017 AI Index Report, November 2017
- AI100: 2016 Report, September 2016
- AI Principles of Telefónica, October 2018
UNI Global Union
- Top 10 principles for ethical artificial intelligence, December 2017
University of Cambridge
- Studies on risks from artificial intelligence at Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), established in 2012
- Projects on the nature and impact of AI at Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence (CFI), established in 2015
University of Montreal