Girls are more exposed than boys to cyberbullying
March 2019 - Digital technologies are radically and rapidly changing the way people work, consume, get information and communicate with each other. How’s Life in the Digital Age? provides a comprehensive overview of how the digital transformation is impacting people’s lives, and highlights that some of these impacts are very different between women and men.
One of the areas where the digital transformation yields worse outcomes for women than for men, namely exposure to cyberbullying. The link between cyberbullying and mental health problems has been extensively documented. On average, across OECD countries with available data, about 12% of girls aged 15 report having been cyberbullied, compared to 8% for boys. Girls report being targeted through digital media more often than boys in all OECD countries except Denmark, Israel and Spain. Cyberbullying is particularly prevalent in a number of Eastern European countries as well as in Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Figure 1. Girls suffer more cyberbullying than boys
|Note: Cyberbullying is measured as the share of girls and boys aged 15 who report having been cyberbullied by electronic messages at least once in their life. For the United States, self-reported cyberbullying covers a wider range of experiences, including being the subject of hurtful information online, having private information shared online, and cyberbullying while gaming. Data refer to 2013 for the United States, and to 2014 for other countries.
Source: OECD calculations based on the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Study and the 2013 United States School Crime Supplement of the National Crime Victimization Survey
- OECD (2019), How's Life in the Digital Age?: Opportunities and Risks of the Digital Transformation for People's Well-being, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264311800-en.