Employment, Education and Social Policies

In light of the intensity of labour market challenges in G20 countries, the G20’s employment agenda was elevated to the working group level in 2014 with the creation of the Employment Working Group (EWG). The OECD has made significant contributions to the work on employment and social policies notably in the areas of youth unemployment, labour activation policies, and reducing the employment gender gaps, often collaborating with the ILO.

The Education Working Group was newly established under the Argentinian Presidency in 2018.

Gender Equality

In 2014, the OECD analysis on the economic case for promoting gender equality (Achieving stronger growth by promoting a more gender-balanced economy) supported the commitment by G20 Leaders agreed to reduce the gender gap in labour force participation rates by 25% by 2025. Since then, the OECD, together with the ILO, has been monitoring G20 countries’ progress in achieving the Gender Target, which was most recently captured in a report Women at Work in G20 Countries presented to Ministers under the German Presidency in 2017. The report also focused on improving job quality of women as key to reducing gender gaps in both labour force participation and pay. The OECD is currently supporting the Argentinian Presidency’s approach to mainstream gender equality across the various G20 policy work streams. In 2018, in the Digital Economy Task Force, the OECD has been providing evidence-based analysis on high impact policies to help women best address the challenges and opportunities brought by digitalisation.

Education & Skills

The OECD contributed to the adoption of the G20 Skills Strategy, based on the OECD Skills Strategy under the G20’s employment stream. Under Argentina’s Presidency and the newly set up education working group, the OECD has contributed its analysis to the G20 efforts on effective financing of education and skills systems, future of skills, and governance of education and skills systems, based on the work of the OECD Centre for Skills and the outcomes of the PISA and PIAAC exercises.


International migration was put on the G20 agenda in 2015 in a context of global refugee crisis. The OECD, together with other international organisations, contributed its analysis Towards a Framework for Fair and Effective Integration of Migrants into the Labour Market under the German Presidency. Ahead of the 2017 Hamburg Summit, the OECD contributed a report on migration G20 Global Displacements and Migration trends report highlighting key findings from the OECD International Migration Outlook 2017. The OECD was asked by Leaders in Hamburg to report back annually on migration trends and policy challenges.

Sustainable Supply Chains and Modern Slavery

Governance gaps and poor enforcement of labour laws and standards contribute to poor job quality in global supply chains. Against this backdrop, the German Presidency aimed at strengthening responsible business conduct to achieve sustainable and inclusive global supply chains, which led Ministers to reaffirm their commitment to international guidelines including the OECD MNE Guidelines. In an effort to support the German Presidency, the OECD prepared a report to the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers titled Promoting Sustainable Global Supply Chains: International Standards Due Diligence and Grievance Mechanisms.
Under the Argentinian Presidency, the OECD continues supporting G20 efforts to implement measures to tackle modern slavery in close collaboration with the public and private sectors by leveraging its network of National Contact Points under the Responsible Business Conduct Guidelines and its newly adopted Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Business Conduct.

Job Quality, Social Protection and People with Disabilities

The OECD supported the Turkish Presidency’s focus on inclusiveness, including in the areas of youth employment and job quality. In particular, the OECD contributed to substantiate this ambitious policy package by contributing to the G20 Framework on Promoting Quality Jobs, in co-operation with the ILO and supporting the adoption of a youth target. The OECD further supported under the Chinese Presidency the endorsement of the G20 Entrepreneurship Action Plan and the G20 Initiative to Promote Quality Apprenticeship.

The OECD is currently supporting the Argentinian Presidency’s priority on Decent Work, by preparing analysis on adapting and extending social protection for gig workers. The OECD will also advance work on indicators to measure the development of the platform economy and provide policy principles to improve the integration of people with disabilities into the labour market.