By Date

  • 25-April-2023


    Taxing Wages: Key findings for Türkiye

    The tax wedge for the average single worker in Türkiye decreased by 2.7 percentage points from 39.9% in 2021 to 37.2% in 2022. The OECD average tax wedge in 2022 was 34.6% (2021, 34.6%).

  • 16-March-2023


    Schools as hubs for social and emotional learning - Are schools and teachers ready?

    Schools are perfect hubs for social and emotional learning, but are they ready for this task? To address this question, this Spotlight reports previously unpublished findings from the OECD’s Survey on Social and Emotional Skills (SSES) and discusses their implications for education policy and practice. Both an active promotion in schools and extensive learning opportunities for teachers on relevant topics provide a fertile ground for an effective social and emotional education. They boost teachers’ self-efficacy and use of active learning pedagogies, as well as quality relationships at school. The Spotlight also points to important differences for teachers of 10- vs. 15-year-old students that can explain higher skills at a younger age. Younger students benefit more often from key elements of an effective social and emotional education in school, i.e. the evaluation of their social and emotional skills and teachers teaming up with parents to reinforce skill promotion. Teachers of 10-year-olds are also more intensively trained and requested to promote social and emotional learning in their work.
  • 24-February-2023


    OECD Economic Surveys: Türkiye 2023

    Alongside a fast recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, macroeconomic policies and high commodity prices have contributed to surging inflation, growing external imbalances and implicit liabilities. These vulnerabilities reduce the economy’s resilience to shocks. Anchoring inflation expectations remains a key challenge going forward. Making the regulatory framework more predictable and flexible would help to strengthen economic resilience. Strict regulations limit the entry of new firms, shielding incumbents from internal and external competition. Ensuring a rules-based, level-playing field for firms requires enforcing rules without exemptions. More flexible labour markets would create more high-quality formal jobs but should be accompanied by a comprehensive reform programme that shifts job loss protection to a broader-based unemployment insurance scheme and well-designed activation policies. Ramping up efforts to increase female employment is key to address high rates of non-participation of women. Equipping young people with relevant skills would allow to make the most of the demographic dividend while also addressing rising skill mismatches. SPECIAL FEATURE: LABOUR MARKET, EDUCATION AND SKILLS
  • 30-November-2022


    Revenue Statistics: Key findings for Türkiye

    The OECD’s annual Revenue Statistics report found that the tax-to-GDP ratio in Türkiye decreased by 1.0 percentage point from 23.9% in 2020 to 22.8% in 2021. Between 2020 and 2021, the OECD average increased from 33.6% to 34.1%.

  • 25-November-2022


    Policy options for stronger, more equitable student outcomes in Türkiye

    In 2021, an OECD team undertook analysis of Republic of Türkiye’s data from two international assessments – the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA)’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). The analysis aimed to understand how student performance in Türkiye has evolved over time and whether factors related to student background – such as gender or socio-economic background – are associated with performance. This policy perspective uses the findings from the PISA and TIMSS analysis to identify policy options to help Türkiye to raise performance and improve equity. This policy perspective provides suggestions across five policy areas for Türkiye to create a stronger policy focus on overcoming obstacles for more equal opportunities for students.
  • 25-November-2022


    Student Achievement in Türkiye - Findings from PISA and TIMSS International Assessments

    The Republic of Türkiye’s trajectory of improvement over the past two decades stands out internationally. Few other countries have been able to bring previously out-of-school children into the education system and improve performance at the same time. This report provides a picture on how student performance has evolved over this period. It is based on data from the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). The report analyses if factors related to student background – such as gender or socio-economic status – are associated with performance. It also analyses student performance across different cognitive and content domains of learning.
  • 15-November-2022


    Swimming skills around the world - Evidence on inequalities in life skills across and within countries

    Being able to swim empowers individuals to make choices, have agency, and be free to choose core aspects of their life, such as working safely on or near water. It is also associated with lifelong health benefits and reduces the risk of drowning. Using data from the Lloyd’s Register Foundation World Risk Poll 2019, this paper provides the first global estimates of adults’ ability to swim without assistance. Individuals in high-income countries are considerably more likely to report being able to swim without assistance than individuals in low-income countries. Disparities also exist within countries. In particular, women are less likely to be able to swim without assistance than men in virtually all countries, birth cohorts, and levels of education. Investing in reducing inequalities in life skills, such as swimming, can foster economic development and empowerment, especially in light of threats, such as climate change.
  • 10-novembre-2022


    La Türkiye devrait sans délai donner suite aux recommandations en matière de lutte contre la corruption internationale qui lui ont été adressées il y a déjà longtemps

    Le Groupe de travail de l’OCDE sur la corruption (le « Groupe de travail ») est sérieusement préoccupé par le fait que la Türkiye ne se soit toujours pas attaquée aux lacunes qui y subsistent encore dans des domaines clés de la lutte contre la corruption depuis son évaluation de Phase 3, qui a eu lieu en 2014.

    Documents connexes
  • 9-November-2022


    Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes: Türkiye 2022 (Second Round) - Peer Review Report on the Exchange of Information on Request

    This publication contains the 2022 Second Round Peer Review on the Exchange of Information on Request for Türkiye.
  • 8-November-2022


    Understanding how economic conditions and natural disasters shape environmental attitudes - A cross-country comparison to inform policy making

    Understanding adults’ attitudes towards the environment is necessary to gauge the opportunities and challenges of creating effective and politically-feasible climate policies. Using data from the Wellcome Global Monitor 2020, the European Social Survey (Round 8), World Values Survey and EM-DAT, this paper examines how adults’ environmental attitudes vary within and across countries and details how environmental attitudes are associated with adults’ engagement in pro-environmental behaviours and support for environmentally-friendly policies. The paper explores whether the extent to which individuals prioritise the environment over the state of the economy or vice versa depends on individuals’ exposure to natural disasters or negative labour market conditions. Results indicate that people’s economic vulnerability and the sectors they work in impact their attitudes towards their environment and support for public policy. Furthermore, the findings suggest that increases in unemployment and exposure to natural disasters influence the extent to which individuals prioritise the environment.
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