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Economie


  • 19-November-2021

    English

    Regional differences in productivity in Sweden: Insights from OECD regions

    Regional inequality has increased in Sweden over the past decades, albeit from a low level. While redistribution and other public policies can narrow regional gaps in income, well-being and access to services, productivity growth is key to maintaining economic dynamism, creating job opportunities and attracting and retaining skilled workers. Against this background, this paper documents the performance of Swedish large regions (TL2) on the main productivity drivers identified by the literature. Panel regressions on a dataset covering up to 125 OECD regions in 17 countries identify the factors associated with high regional productivity, namely rail and road connectivity, knowledge-intensive employment and research and education. Investment in construction and finance is linked to somewhat weaker productivity. Even after taking these factors into account, the Stockholm region benefits from a sizeable productivity advantage, which likely reflects agglomeration effects.
  • 19-November-2021

    English

    Keeping regional inequality in check in Sweden

    Regional inequality is low in Sweden compared to most other OECD countries, but has been rising over the past decades, fuelling discontent in parts of the country, whose inhabitants feel left behind. The younger population is increasingly concentrated in the largest cities, which also enjoy the highest productivity growth. Demographic trends exacerbate the difficulty in providing equal public services across the country. Healthy public finances are allowing the government to increase its support to municipalities and regions to adjust to demographic developments and local operating conditions. Beyond this effort, keeping regional inequality in check will require upgrading the sub-national government fiscal framework, enhancing public service efficiency, especially through digitalisation, and promoting regional convergence further, especially by strengthening the role of universities in regional knowledge and innovation networks.
  • 16-juillet-2021

    Français

    Suède : il faut investir dans les compétences et l’économie numérique pour stimuler la reprise après la pandémie de COVID-19, selon l’OCDE

    L’économie suédoise est sur la voie de la reprise après le choc provoqué par la crise liée au COVID-19, mais des risques subsistent.

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  • 19-May-2021

    English

    The Impact of Regulation on International Investment in Finland

    The Impact of Regulation on International Investment in Finland examines what drives FDI into Finland and which domestic regulatory aspects may discourage foreign investment. The report analyses trends in FDI flows towards Finland and other Nordic-Baltic countries and discusses the benefits of foreign investment for the Finnish economy. It provides a comparative overview of the regulatory frameworks in force in Finland and its Nordic-Baltic peers, outlining both economy-wide and sector-specific findings, and explores how changes in these regulatory frameworks are linked to changes in FDI inflows in the region. Foreign investors’ views on Finland’s business environment complement these findings. The report underlines potential areas for reform and suggests policy actions that could further improve Finland’s investment climate and contribute to attracting and retaining more FDI, while also strengthening its positive impact.
  • 17-novembre-2020

    Français

    Le financement des PME et des entrepreneurs. Tableau de bord de l’OCDE - Édition spéciale : les conséquences du COVID-19

    Ce rapport est une édition spéciale du Tableau de bord de l’OCDE sur le financement des PME et des entrepreneurs, publication phare de l’OCDE. Il examine en détail les conséquences du COVID-19 sur l’accès des PME au financement, ainsi que les mesures prises en conséquence par les pouvoirs publics. Il apparaît qu’avant la crise, les conditions de financement étaient globalement favorables pour les PME et les entrepreneurs, qui bénéficiaient de faibles taux d’intérêt, de critères accommodants d’octroi des crédits et d’une offre de plus en plus diversifiée d’instruments de financement. Mais la crise du COVID‑19 a profondément bouleversé l’accès des PME au financement. Plus particulièrement, l’effondrement brutal du chiffre d’affaires des entreprises a provoqué de graves pénuries de liquidités qui ont mis en danger la survie de bon nombre d’entreprises viables. Ce rapport fait état d’une augmentation de la demande de prêts bancaires au cours du premier semestre de 2020, et d’une stabilité de l’offre de crédit grâce à l’action des pouvoirs publics. Parallèlement, on a observé un recul d’autres sources de financement, en particulier l’apport de fonds propres au stade du démarrage. Le rapport réunit des données sur le périmètre et l’ampleur des mesures prises par les gouvernements dans le monde, et en précise les principales caractéristiques. Il décrit les principaux enjeux stratégiques du financement des PME qui se poseront au cours des prochaines phases de la pandémie ; il s’agira en effet d’éviter le surendettement des PME, de promouvoir une gamme diversifiée d’instruments de financement, de stimuler la création d’entreprises et de renforcer la résilience des PME par des mesures structurelles.
  • 29-March-2019

    English

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Stockholm, on 29 March 2019

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, will be in Stockholm, on 29 March 2019, to present the 2019 OECD Economic Survey of Sweden. While in Stockholm, the Secretary-General will hold bilateral meetings with Mr. Stefan Löfven, Prime Minister of Sweden, and several Ministers of his Cabinet.

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  • 29-March-2019

    English

    Launch of the 2019 Economic Survey of Sweden

    Sweden’s economic, environmental, income and gender equality, and well-being achievements are remarkable. Driven by robust consumption, investment and exports, GDP has expanded steadily, at an average rate of close to 3% over the past five years. Unemployment has also declined to 6.3% in 2018 (from 8% in 2013), and the employment rate was close to 80% in 2018.

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  • 29-March-2019

    English

    Launch of the 2019 Economic Survey of Sweden - Press Conference

    Sweden’s economic, environmental, income and gender equality, and well-being achievements are remarkable. GDP has expanded steadily, at an average rate of close to 3% over the past five years. Unemployment has also declined to 6.3% in 2018 (from 8% in 2013), and the employment rate was close to 80% in 2018.

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  • 29-mars-2019

    Français

    De nouvelles réformes en Suède pourraient être facteurs de croissance, de compétitivité et de cohésion sociale

    L’économie suédoise fonctionne presque à plein régime, alliant une croissance vigoureuse à des taux d’emploi solides, mais l’environnement économique mondial, lourd d’incertitudes, pèse sur les perspectives.

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  • 15-June-2018

    English

    OECD Reviews of Digital Transformation: Going Digital in Sweden

    OECD Reviews of Digital Transformation: Going Digital in Sweden analyses recent developments of the digital economy in the country, reviews policies related to digitalisation and makes recommendations to increase policy coherence in this area. The report examines recent developments in infrastructures for the digital economy, telecom markets and related regulations and policies in Sweden. It reviews trends in the use of digital technologies by individuals, businesses and the government, and examines policies to foster diffusion. Digital security policies are discussed with a view to assess its strengths and limitations. The report also examines opportunities and challenges raised by digitalisation in key areas and analyses policy responses to these changes. The areas covered range from global value chains and innovation to jobs, skills and work in the digital economy. The report reconsiders these policies in relation to their coherence among different domains and in order to foster synergies across government ministries, levels and institutions, based on the policy framework of the OECD-wide 'Going Digital: Making the Transformation Work for Growth and Well-being' project.
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