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  • 17-novembre-2021

    Français

    Mesurer les économies interconnectées : Lancement de l'édition 2021 des Tableaux internationaux des entrées-sorties (TIES) et des Échanges en Valeur Ajoutée (TiVA) de l'OCDE

    Le 17 novembre, l'OCDE a présenté la dernière édition des bases de données TIES et TiVA en donnant un aperçu de l'utilité majeure de ces données en matière d'analyse et de décision politique.

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  • 15-novembre-2021

    Français

    Les enfants dans l'environnement numérique

    Si le monde numérique apporte des avantages considérables à l'éducation et au développement des enfants, il les expose également à des risques. L'OCDE a entrepris un travail considérable sur la protection des enfants en ligne.

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  • 9-November-2021

    English

    Driving innovation for net zero: Evidence, tools, and policies

    This virtual OECD COP26 event on Tuesday, 9 November aims to assess the current state of innovation for net zero emissions, provide practical tools for policy makers, and explore policy actions that can drive the low-carbon transition.

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  • 9-November-2021

    English

    Neurotechnologies and human rights framework: Do we need new rights?

    Major breakthroughs in neurotechnology have the potential to advance biomedicine and healthcare, but uncertainty exists about the impact and direction of these developments. This round table on 9 November, co-organised by the Council of Europe, will discuss human rights issues raised by the applications of neurotechnologies.

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  • 3-November-2021

    English

    Understanding the tokenisation of assets in financial markets

    Asset tokenisation can generally be described as the digital representation of physical assets on distributed ledgers (also referred to as digital twins) or the issuance of native tokens on the blockchain. Although initially associated with mostly non-compliant initial coin offerings over the period 2017-18, currently tokenisation represents one of the most prominent cases of distributed ledger technologies in financial markets. This Going Digital Toolkit note identifies the different approaches that policy makers have adopted around tokenised assets and the markets for such instruments, and provides examples of these approaches. These approaches are not mutually exclusive and policy makers may differ in the way they address asset tokenisation, participants of tokenised markets, and risks arising in these markets. This Toolkit note does not classify approaches into categories, but rather describes elements and characteristics of different jurisdictional approaches to asset tokenisation, some of which can co-exist.
  • 2-November-2021

    English

    Key nanotechnology indicators

    Indicators include nanotech firms, nanotech R&D, public sector R&D expenditure and nanotechnology patents.

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  • 29-October-2021

    English

    OECD workshop on AI and the productivity of science

    Is there a slowdown in the productivity of science? And if so, why? This interactive virtual workshop to be held from 29 October to 5 November will bring together experts from the artificial intelligence community to advance the debate on what governments can do to maximise the positive impacts of AI on science today and in the decades to come.

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  • 28-October-2021

    English

    Measuring digital trade

    Digital transformation has become a prevalent part of our lives, changing theway we consume, produce and trade, and this trend has only accelerated sincethe COVID-19 crisis. Still, digital transformation remains largely hidden in officialtrade statistics. From a statistical perspective, a fundamental rethink is requiredin the way that core national accounts are constructed if meaningful measuresof digital trade are to be developed. This Going Digital Toolkit note highlights themain features of the OECD-IMF-WTO conceptual framework defining digitaltrade, as well as practical guidance to overcome some of the measurementchallenges. It also catalogues various country initiatives to estimate digital trade.
  • 18-October-2021

    English

    Productivity-wage nexus at the firm-level in Portugal - Decoupling and divergences

    There is a growing international concern about the slowdown in productivity growth, especially as labor productivity enhancements are important drivers of higher generalised living standards. Using administrative data of firms in Portugal between 2010 and 2016, we analyse the relationships between productivity and wages. At odds with neoclassical theory of marginal productivity of labor, we find that two thirds of firms insufficiently raised wages given observed productivity growth. Employing unconditional quantile regressions, we investigate some quantifiable determinants of the productivity-wage gap at different parts of the distributions. Most of the documented dynamics contributed not only to the divergence of productivity and wages but also to the decoupling of productivity and wage growth. We argue that labor market flexibilisation intensified segmentation, providing incentives for non standard contracts. Both dimensions, as well as higher board compensations, international trade and on-the-job training weakened the link between productivity and wages.
  • 15-October-2021

    English

    Policies for a Carbon-Neutral Industry in the Netherlands

    This report presents a comprehensive assessment of the policy instruments adopted by the Netherlands to reach carbon neutrality in its manufacturing sector by 2050. The analysis illustrates the strength of combining a strong commitment to raising carbon prices with ambitious technology support, uncovers the pervasiveness of competitiveness provisions, and highlights the trade-off between short-term emissions cuts and longer-term technology shift. The Netherlands’ carbon levy sets an ambitious price trajectory to 2030, but is tempered by extensive preferential treatment to energy-intensive users, yielding a highly unequal carbon price across firms and sectors. The country’s technology support focuses on the cost-effective deployment of low-carbon options, which ensures least-cost decarbonisation in the short run but favours relatively mature technologies. The report offers recommendations for policy adjustments to reach the country’s carbon neutrality objective, including the gradual removal of exemptions, enhanced support for emerging technologies and greater visibility over future infrastructure plans.
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