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  • 23-February-2022

    English

    Innovation and industrial policies for green hydrogen

    This paper examines the current development of hydrogen technology in the manufacturing sector and the industrial policies enacted to support it across countries. In addition to continued R&D efforts, governments can already lay the ground for the deployment of green hydrogen by implementing five types of policies: 1) supporting R&D and demonstration for green hydrogen to bring down the cost of electrolysers and make them competitive; 2) increasing the supply of renewable electricity; 3) reducing the cost gap between green hydrogen and brown technologies through a comprehensive policy package, such as carbon pricing and the phasing out of inefficient fossil fuel subsidies; 4) reducing uncertainty, for instance by promoting international standardisation, hydrogen infrastructure, and sound regulatory standards; and 5) considering blue hydrogen as a short-term option to facilitate the transition to green hydrogen.
  • 22-February-2022

    English

    OECD Framework for the Classification of AI systems

    As artificial intelligence (AI) integrates all sectors at a rapid pace, different AI systems bring different benefits and risks. In comparing virtual assistants, self-driving vehicles and video recommendations for children, it is easy to see that the benefits and risks of each are very different. Their specificities will require different approaches to policy making and governance. To help policy makers, regulators, legislators and others characterise AI systems deployed in specific contexts, the OECD has developed a user-friendly tool to evaluate AI systems from a policy perspective. It can be applied to the widest range of AI systems across the following dimensions: People & Planet; Economic Context; Data & Input; AI model; and Task & Output. Each of the framework's dimensions has a subset of properties and attributes to define and assess policy implications and to guide an innovative and trustworthy approach to AI as outlined in the OECD AI Principles.
  • 21-February-2022

    English

    2nd International Conference on AI in Work, Innovation, Productivity and Skills, 21-25 February 2022

    This virtual event brings together leading voices from the technical, policy, business, academic and civil society communities to present insights on the adoption of AI in firms and the workplace, ethics of its use, and implications on skills, business dynamics, and productivity. It will also see the launch of the OECD AI Systems Classification Framework.

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  • 17-février-2022

    Français

    Emploi et chaînes de valeur mondiales (CVM)

    Les indicateurs de l'OCDE sur le contenu en emploi sont expérimentaux. Ils permettent de décomposer et d'analyser les variations annuelles de l'emploi induites par les fluctuations de la demande finale de biens et services entre différents pays et régions.

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  • 8-February-2022

    English

    Nudging consumers toward greener choices

    This virtual event explored how governments, businesses and other stakeholders are developing policy initiatives to nudge consumers towards greener choices and also examined what further empirical work is needed to deepen global understanding of consumer attitudes and behaviours as well as areas where further policy intervention may be needed.

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  • 8-February-2022

    English

    Gearing up for a post-pandemic world: Designing policies for an innovative sustainable recovery in East and Southeast Asia

    This ERIA-OECD high-level panel on 8 February will bring together regional stakeholders to discuss the ongoing digital and green transitions.

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  • 25-January-2022

    English

    OECD International Survey of Science

    The International Survey of Science (ISSA) collects information on the activities of authors of scientific publications through a global online survey. It aims to complement other available statistical evidence and indicators in order to provide insights on selected aspects of research and inform science policy.

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  • 14-January-2022

    English

    Labour-saving technologies and employment levels - Are robots really making workers redundant?

    This paper exploits natural language processing techniques to detect explicit labour-saving goals in inventive efforts in robotics and assess their relevance for different occupational profiles and the impact on employment levels. The analysis relies on patents published by the European Patent Office between 1978 and 2019 and firm-level data from ORBIS® IP. It investigates innovative actors engaged in labour-saving technologies and their economic environment (identity, location, industry), and identifies technological fields and associated occupations which are particularly exposed to them. Labour-saving patents are concentrated in Japan, the United States, and Italy, and seem to affect low-skilled and blue-collar jobs, along with highly cognitive and specialised professions. A preliminary analysis does not find an appreciable negative effect on employment shares in OECD countries over the past decade, but further research to econometrically investigate the relationship between labour-saving technological developments and employment would be helpful.
  • 23-December-2021

    English

    Interoperability of privacy and data protection frameworks

    The significant increase in flows of personal data has spurred policy makers to try to develop a coherent approach to privacy governance both domestically and across borders. In this context, the need for the interoperability of privacy and data protection frameworks ('privacy interoperability') has taken on greater importance. While there is broad agreement on the importance of privacy interoperability, how to achieve this in practice is less well understood. This Going Digital Toolkit note describes the issues around ensuring the interoperability of privacy and data protection frameworks, and it highlights promising initiatives by governments and privacy enforcement authorities at the national and international levels. This note seeks to contribute to a shared understanding of privacy interoperability in the context of the governance of privacy and data protection and transborder flows of personal data.
  • 22-December-2021

    English

    OECD-Global Privacy Assembly online workshop: “One Year Later: Addressing the Data Governance and Privacy Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic and the Road to Recovery” - summary of main points

    This June 2021 workshop was comprised of sessions focusing on: i) the different legal and policy frameworks which enabled the exceptional surveillance and contact tracing efforts during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as lessons learned; ii) data privacy aspects in the workplace during the pandemic; and iii) vaccination programmes and COVID-19 “travel passports”.

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