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  • 29-March-2022

    English

    Disentangling untruths online - Creators, spreaders and how to stop them

    While false rumours, inaccurate reporting, and conspiracy theories have existed for as long as there were people to create and spread them, the Internet has reshaped and amplified the ability to produce and perpetuate false and misleading content. Stopping the creators and spreaders of untruths online is essential to reducing political polarisation, building public trust in democratic institutions, improving public health, and more generally improving the wellbeing of people and society. This Going Digital Toolkit note discusses the importance of access to accurate information online and presents a novel typology of the different types of untruths that circulate on the Internet. It considers how untruths are spread online as well as the consequences, and it surveys the evidence base of false and misleading information online. The note concludes by identifying approaches to fighting untruths online and mitigating their negative effects.
  • 24-mars-2022

    Français

    Tableaux des entrées-sorties (TES)

    Les tableaux des entrées‑sorties décrivent de manière détaillée le processus de production et les flux de biens et de services dans l’économie.

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  • 24-March-2022

    English

    Measuring Tax Support for R&D and Innovation

    Governments worldwide increasingly rely on tax incentives in addition to direct support measures (e.g. grants) to promote R&D in firms and encourage innovation and economic growth. The OECD has developed experimental methodologies and a detailed database on R&D tax incentives with the latest indicators on the cost and information on the design and scope of R&D tax incentives.

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  • 24-March-2022

    English

    Designing and delivering public services in the digital age

    Providing public services that deliver on the potential of digital technology and data presents a challenge for many governments. Yet, 'being digital' is not optional, but a core condition, for governments seeking to provide services that are user-driven, inclusive, resilient, innovative and trustworthy. Achieving digital government maturity requires holistic, comprehensive transformation from within and throughout the machinery of government. It involves reshaping organisations’ culture, capability (including talent, skills and resources), and governance to support user-centred approaches, agility, integration and cohesion to design and deliver quality public services that meet the needs of citizens and businesses. This Going Digital Toolkit note presents action-oriented principles to guide policy makers and public servants when designing and delivering public services fit for the digital age. The Annex contains a selection of practices by a variety of countries for each principle.
  • 15-mars-2022

    Français

    Commerce bilatéral des biens par industrie et catégorie d'utilisation finale

    La base de données de l'OCDE sur les échanges extérieurs bilatéraux présente, pour l'ensemble des pays de l'OCDE et un grand nombre d'économies non Membres, les flux d'échanges de biens exprimés en dollars des É-U à prix courants et ventilés par branche d'activité et type d'utilisation finale.

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  • 15-March-2022

    English

    Closing the Italian digital gap - The role of skills, intangibles and policies

    The study identifies the main factors that affect the diffusion of digital technologies and their returns among Italian firms, highlighting the crucial role of public policies. It uses a unique data infrastructure that integrates information on digital technology adoption, firm performance, and workers’ and managers’ skills. The analysis shows that the low digitalisation of Italian firms, especially of SMEs, can be traced back to the low levels of three factors: i) workers’ skills, ii) management capabilities, and iii) accumulation of intangible assets. These factors are also crucial to maximise the effectiveness of public policies supporting firm digitalisation, such as the deployment of broadband infrastructure and fiscal incentives to investments in digital technologies. Finally, the analysis shows that the COVID-19 crisis contributed to further widening the digital gap between Italian firms, favouring ex-ante more digitalised companies, suggesting that public policies play a crucial role for the post-COVID-19 recovery.
  • 8-March-2022

    English

    Does AI advance gender equality? The effects of AI on the working lives of women

    In partnership with UNESCO and the IDB, this virtual panel discussion on 8 March will address the effects of artificial intelligence on women entering the labour force, changing skills requirements, and the impacts of AI on women's work environment and career progression.

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  • 8-mars-2022

    Français

    Les effets de l’IA sur la vie professionnelle des femmes

    Le développement et l'utilisation de l'intelligence artificielle (IA) continuent d’élargir les possibilités de réalisation des 17 objectifs de développement durable (ODD) des Nations unies, notamment l’égalité des genres. En examinant de plus près l’intersection entre le genre et la technologie, cette collaboration entre l’UNESCO, la Banque interaméricaine de développement (BID) et l’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE) examine les effets de l'IA sur la vie professionnelle des femmes. Ce rapport rend compte de défis et des opportunités présentés par l’utilisation de technologies émergentes telles que l’IA dans une perspective de genre. Le rapport souligne la nécessité de se concentrer davantage et de mener des recherches sur les impacts de l’IA sur les femmes et sur le fossé numérique entre les sexes, afin de s'assurer que les femmes ne sont pas laissées pour compte dans l’avenir du travail.
  • 7-mars-2022

    Français

    Science, technologie et innovation: Tableau de bord de l'OCDE

    La nouvelle plateforme STI.Scoreboard offre la possibilité d’extraire, visualiser, comparer et partager plus de 1000 indicateurs statistiques des systèmes de science, technologie et innovation pour les pays de l'OCDE ainsi que plusieurs autres économies.

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  • 23-February-2022

    English

    Innovation and industrial policies for green hydrogen

    This paper examines the current development of hydrogen technology in the manufacturing sector and the industrial policies enacted to support it across countries. In addition to continued R&D efforts, governments can already lay the ground for the deployment of green hydrogen by implementing five types of policies: 1) supporting R&D and demonstration for green hydrogen to bring down the cost of electrolysers and make them competitive; 2) increasing the supply of renewable electricity; 3) reducing the cost gap between green hydrogen and brown technologies through a comprehensive policy package, such as carbon pricing and the phasing out of inefficient fossil fuel subsidies; 4) reducing uncertainty, for instance by promoting international standardisation, hydrogen infrastructure, and sound regulatory standards; and 5) considering blue hydrogen as a short-term option to facilitate the transition to green hydrogen.
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