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Politiques scientifiques, technologiques et d'innovation

Examens de l'OCDE des politiques d'innovation

 

sti Reviews of Innovation Policy

 

OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD member and partner countries, focusing on the role of government. They provide concrete recommendations on how to improve policies which impact on innovation performance, including R&D policies. Each review identifies good practices from which other countries can learn.

 

 

LATEST RELEASES

Germany 

Germany: Building Agility for Successful Transitions (2022)

The COVID-19 pandemic and Russia's war of aggression against Ukraine have revealed vulnerabilities in Germany’s highly advanced innovation ecosystem: undiversified energy supply, an over-reliance on fossil fuels, delayed digitalisation and disruptable supply chains. These add to the structural challenges posed by the digital and green transitions. This review argues for more agile and experimental STI policies that tackle key knowledge, financial and infrastructure conditions to best respond to those challenges. Given the internationally shared challenges, the insights presented in the review will be of interest to policymakers, stakeholders and analysts from Germany and across the OECD.

Also available in German: OECD-Berichte zur Innovationspolitik: Deutschland 2022

 

Kuwait

Kuwait (2021)

The slowdown in market demand for oil is putting increasing pressure on Kuwait's current economic and social model. This model is based on the distribution of petroleum export proceeds to Kuwaiti citizens, with relatively limited long-term investment in knowledge production and the upgrading of the national innovation capacity. The transition towards a knowledge-based society – where value creation, the resolution of societal challenges and the well-being of society at large will be based on the production, diffusion and implementation of knowledge – is becoming an imperative. This is recognised within the national development strategy which formulates the objective of attaining 'Smart Kuwait' by 2035.

 

Portugal 

Portugal: Review of Higher Education, Research and Innovation (2019)

This report assesses the extent to which Portugal’s higher education, research and innovation system is well configured to help Portugal achieve its vision of inclusive innovation, and identify which policy options might help it achieve its goals.

 

Austria

Austria (2018)

Over the past two decades, Austria has become one of the most R&D-intensive economies among OECD countries and in the world, dedicating 3.1% of its GDP on R&D in 2016, the second highest figure in the European Union. To fully harness this R&D capacity, Austrian innovation policy needs to put a stronger emphasis on efficiency in transforming R&D inputs into impacts. 

 

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan (2017)

Kazakhstan has put in place key components of a modern research and innovation system. This has helped improve scientific output and resulted in some successes in technology commercialisation. Further commitment and effort will be needed to strengthen innovation capabilities and make the most of Kazakhstan‘s advantages.

 

Norway

Norway (2017)

Following a remarkable transformation in the past century in research and innovation, in particular through the development of new technologies and processes in sectors such as oil and gas, shipbuilding and also fisheries and aquaculture, Norway is today increasingly facing a “triple transition imperative” in which it needs, first, to shift toward a more diversified and robust economy; second, to move to a more competitive, effective and efficient innovation system; and third, to support research and innovation activities that can confront an array of societal challenges (climate change, food security, aging, health, etc.). 

See also: Towards a new stage in Norway's science, technology and innovation system: Improving the long-term plan for research and higher education (2022)

 

 Finland

Finland (2017)

Strengthening and lifting Finland’s innovation system out of a period of uncertainty requires a coherent and unified new vision for science, technology and innovation, renewed investment and policy instruments. This vision should be oriented towards renewal tackling societal challenges and developing new knowledge-based competitive advantages at global scale. Success calls for better co-ordination and co-operation among policy actors and national and regional-levels, and further internationalisation. 

 

 Costa-Rica

Costa Rica (2017)

Costa Rica’s successful economic performance and social achievements realised over the last three decades are widely acknowledged. GDP per capita has steadily increased at higher rates than in most Latin American countries as the economy has evolved along its development path from a rural and agriculture-based to a more diversified economy integrated in global value chains. But Costa Rica faces challenges and must enhance and broaden the basis for productivity growth by strengthening its innovation system and enhancing the role of science, technology and innovation in addressing its national development goals.

 

 Malaysia

Malaysia (2016)

Malaysia is one of Southeast Asia’s most dynamic economies and one of Asia’s great success stories. Its economic and social development over the last half century has been impressive. High economic performance, based on a profound transformation into a diversified economy, coupled with a striking reduction in poverty levels, has brought Malaysia closer to reaching its goal of becoming a high-income country by 2020.

 

 Lithuania

Lithuania (2016)

Following independence Lithuania has made much progress in developing the institutions and framework conditions of a modern market-based economy, which provided the basis for Lithuania’s success in narrowing the gap with the more advanced countries in the OECD. But Lithuania is also facing challenges. The gap in income per capita is still large, and the speed of convergence to the OECD average level of income has slowed in recent years.

See also: Improving effectiveness of Lithuania’s innovation policy (2021) 

 

 Sweden

Sweden (2016)

The 2016 Sweden Review of Innovation Policy deepens the 2012 Review by focusing on six policy initiatives central to the 2008 and 2012 Swedish Research and Innovation Bills, notably: 1) the increase in funding for university research, 2) the establishment of Strategic Research Areas, 3) actions designed to enhance the role of research institutes in Sweden’s innovation system, 4) the definition and funding of Strategic Innovation Areas in collaboration with industrial, academic and research institute actors, 5) the initiation of a Challenge-Driven Innovation programme addressing societal challenges, 6) improved prioritisation and support for Swedish participation in European research and innovation activities.

 

 

Browse the full series and earlier reviews

 

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